نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، پردیس کشاوری و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

2 2دانشجوی دکتری توسعه کشاورزی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

3 3استادیار گروه ترویج کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

4 4دانشیار گروه ترویج کشاورزی و توسعه روستایی، پردیس کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی دانشگاه رازی و عضو مرکز پژوهشی تحقیقات توسعه اقتصادی ـ اجتماعی دانشگاه رازی، کرمانشاه، ایران

چکیده

یادگیری خدماتی نوعی استراتژی تدریس به شمار می‏رود که سبب غنی‏سازی تجربه یادگیری و تقویت مهارت‌های ارتباطی در دانشجویان می‌شود. هدف اصلی این پژوهش، دیدگاه دانشجویان رشته کشاورزی نسبت به یادگیری خدماتی بوده است. تحقیق حاضر به لحاظ پارادایمیک کمی، از جنبه هدف کاربردی و از بعد دستیابی به حقایق و داده پردازی داده‌ها توصیفی ـ پیمایشی بوده‏است. جامعه آماری تحقیق را دانشجویان کارشناسی و کارشناسی ارشد رشته ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه رازی (170=تعداد جامعه) تشکیل داده‏اند. با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده تعداد 143 نفر نمونه از جدول کرجسی ـ مورگان انتخاب شد. گردآوری داده‏ها توسط پرسشنامه محقق ساخته انجام گرفت. روایی پرسشنامه توسط منابع موجود و نظرات اساتید دانشگاه رازی و پایایی آن با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برابر با 78/0 به دست آمد. نتایج به حاصل از این پژوهش نشان داد که دانشجوبان نگرش نسبتاً مثبتی نسبت به استفاده از یادگیری‏خدماتی در آموزش کشاورزی دارند و بیان داشتند که برای اجرای این پروژه، مسؤولیت تک‏تک افراد باید کاملاً مشخص شود. همچنین نتایج آزمون t مشخص کرد که افرادی که سابقه شرکت در فعالیت‌های گروهی نداشتند، دیدگاه مثبت‏تری نسبت به یادگیری‏خدماتی داشتند. نتایج حاصل از این تحقیق می‏تواند منجر به بهبود کیفیت آموزش و افزایش کارایی یادگیری و توسعه‏کشاورزی شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of the agriculture students' viewpoint toward service-learning

نویسندگان [English]

  • marjan sepahpanah 1
  • hosseyn haidary 2
  • aliasqar mirakzadeh 3
  • kayumars zarafshani 4

چکیده [English]

Service-learning is a kind of teaching strategy which would help in enriching learning experiences as well as strengthening communication skills of students. The chief Purpose of this paper is to know what the agricultural students’ viewpoints are toward services-learning. This research, in terms of paradigm is quantitative and in terms of aim is practical. It is also descriptive considering the data processing. Composed of 143 students – randomly selected by Kergesy-Morgan table-out of 170, the statistical population are of the B.A and M.A. students of Agricultural education and development of Razi University.The data has been gathered via researcher- made questionnaire. The validity of the questioner has been determined by the prevailing resources and the professors of Razi University and its reliability – being 78%- has been calculated via Coronbach's Alfa coefficient. What being shown from the result is that students relatively have positive attitude toward service-learning. They say that in order to put this project into practice, each and every one's responsibility should be clearly designed. The result also reveals that those not having the experience of team-working are more eager to learn about the t- test service. The result also can be very helpful in improving the quality of education as well as agricultural learning and development.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • agricultural education
  • Agricultural Development
  • Service-Learning

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