نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

2 2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، مشاوره مرکز کاهش آسیب‌های اجتماعی، اراک، ایران

3 3 دانشیار روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

4 4 استادیار روان‌شناسی سلامت، دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان، ایران

5 5 مدرس گروه روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، شناسایی اثربخشی روش تدریس تفکر استقرایی بر افزایش خلاقیت دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه دوم متوسطه شهر همدان در درس زیست‏شناسی بود. طرح پژوهشی مورد استفاد از نوع آزمایشی با دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل همراه با پیش آزمون و پس آزمون با انتخاب تصادفی بود. جامعه آماری آن کلیه دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه دوم مقطع متوسطه دبیرستان‌های روزانه و دولتی شهر همدان و روش نمونه‌گیری از نوع خوشه‌ای است. در چهارچوب طرح آزمایشی 60 نفر از دانش‌آموزان به صورت تصادفی در دو گروه 30 نفری قرار گرفتند. در ابتدا از آزمودنی‌ها پیش آزمون با آزمون خلاقیت Abedi, 1993)) به عمل آمد. طرح آزمایشی طی 7 جلسه اجرا شد و پس از اتمام جلسات آموزشی از هر دو گروه پس آزمون (آزمون خلاقیت عابدی) به عمل آمد. به منظور تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها در تمامی فرضیه‌ها از تجزیه و تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره (MANOVA) و نرم افزار spss 21 استفاده شد. آموزش به روش تفکر استقرایی بر رشد خلاقیت دانش‌آموزان معنادار بود (01/0p < ، 1df=، (F=32/22 . همچنین به کارگیری این روش تدریس بر رشد قابلیت بسط (01/0p < ، 1df=، (F=27/13 ، سیالی (01/0p < ، 1df=، (F=23/14 ، ابتکار (01/0p < ، 1df=، (F=51/16 ، انعطاف‏پذیری (01/0p < ، 1df=، (F=90/9 معنادار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The study of the effect of inductively teaching biology on the creativity of the students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saeed Veisi 1
  • Sadaf Imani 2
  • Rasoul Kordnoghabi 3
  • Mehran Farhadi 4
  • Behrooz Behrooz 5

چکیده [English]

Focusing on the male students in second grade of high school, in Hamadan, this essay is to identify how inductive thinking method can affect on the students’ creativity. The method being used, in this research, was of the experimental one, having both experimental and control groups as well as pre and post tests, randomly being chosen. All male students in second grade of state high school were the consistent parts of the statistical population sampling method was of clustering type.60 students, randomly being divided into two groups of 30, were selected. In order to test the students’ creativity, at first, a pre-test (Abedi 1993) was given. Then, seven training sessions were held. Having passed these sessions, the students, in both groups, were given Abedi’s creativity test, as the post-test. Both multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and Spss21 software have been used to analyze the data. The findings showed that there is a significant relationship between teaching inductively and creativity (F=22/32, df=1, p>0/01). This very teaching method, also, is significantly related with the capability of development(F=13/27,df=1, p>0/01), mobility(F=14/23,df=1, p>0/01), creativity(F=16/51,df=1, p>0/01) and flexibility(F=9/90,df=1, p>0/01).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • inductive thinking
  • Creativity
  • Biology

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