Abedi Georgiban,Z. (2010). method Transformation of teaching and learning. Journal of Educational Technology, No. 214.pp 11-8 [Persian]. Alamolhodaei,SH. (2009). Principles of mathematics education. Mashhad. Publication of tomorrow's world[ Persian]. Asgari, M. and Mazlumi, A. (2010). Effect on self-learning and achievement in mathematics as measured by the components of the students' junior year of university. Journal of Educational Measurement, First Years,No. 4,pp 27 -53 [Persian]. Ahmadpoor,Z.(1997). Assessment and problem-solving approaches on high school students' learning. MS Thesis, Teacher Education university of Tehran [Persian]. Ahmadizdah, M.. (1993 ).The effectiveness of problem-solving skills on some of the characteristics of youth centers Welfare Hostels. Master's thesis, shahid Beheshti University in Tehran[ Persian]. Bassant, K. C. (1995). Factors associated with types of mathematics anxiety in college students. Journal of Research in Mathematics Education.No,26. pp327- 345. Bassey, B.A.(2006). Students’ Evaluation of Instruction, Attitude Towards Mathematics And Mathematics Achievement of SS3 Students In Southern Cross River State of Nigeria. Unpublished masters’ thesis Faculty of Education, University of Calabar, Calabar, Nigeria. Biyabangard, A. (1994). Methods of self-esteem in children and adolescents. Tehran: publication Association of Parents and Teachers [ Persian]. Cassidy,T.(2009).bullying and victimization in school children:the roleof cocial identity,problem solving style,and familyand school context.social psychology of education,No,12,pp63-76. Cassidy,T. long,C.(2002)problem-solving style.stress,and psychologicalillness:development of amultifactorial measure.britishjornal of clinical psychology ,No,35,pp265-277. Cockcroft,W.H.(1982). Mathemstics count. London: Her Majesty’s Statinary Office. Chang ,chun – Yen: Weng. Yu. Hum.(2002). An Enploratory Stady an Students, Problem-Solving ability in earth seience, interanational of science .volume24, No,5 ,pp44-57. Khoramroodi, A. (2009). Comparison between self-concept and mental health of parents of children without attention deficit. MSc Thesis They generally poor. Azad University of Arak[ Persian]. Glover, G. A, Browning, B. A.(2003). Application of the principles of educational psychology (translation by Ali Naqi kharrazi). Tehran: Tehran University Press[ Persian]. Hezarjaribi,H.(2008). Comparison of methods of teaching problem solving in science courses with traditional teaching methods, Math. Journal of Educational Research University of Bojnourd.No, 14 .pp181 - 199[ Persian]. Hope, Gill(2002).solving problems:lung children explain the rules of the flawer. Journal ,volume 13,pp186– 192. Liem, A (2008).The Role of Self- efficacy, Task Value and Achievement Goal in Predicting Lerning Strategies, Task Engagement, Peer Relationship and Achievement Outcome, Contemporary Educational Psychology, No,33, Pp 486-512. Javadi, M., yaghoobi, M., Yamani, N.; kyvanara,M. (2010). Application of problem-solving studies strategies in the students college different of esfahan. Journal Medical Education (Special Education), fifth year,No, 10.pp784 -791 [Persian]. Kadivar,P (2000). The share of self-efficacy, autonomy, and intelligence of student progress in order to optimize the learning model. Tehran: Institute of Education[ Persian]. Kadivar,p, Tavusi , N, Yousefi, N. (2009). The relationship between learning styles and self-efficacy and mathematics achievement. ). Journal of Psychological Research. 2(5).pp107-122[ Persian]. Karimzadah. M. (2000). The relationship between self-concept (academic and non-academic )self-efficay with advanced math students in Tehran (trends of physics& Humanities.) MS Thesis, Tehran University[ Persian]. Kiamanesh. A,poorasghar. M. (2003). The role of mathematics self-concept, motivation, learning, math, old math performance and math achievement of gender. Journal of Educational Science and Psychology. Year XIII, N0,2. pp77-94[ Persian]. Kiamanesh, A. poorasghar, M. (2009). Differences between boys and girls in variables associated with math performance (math self-concept, motivation and previous performance in math). Modern psychological research (Psychology, University of Tabriz) .4(13), pp161-190[ Persian]. Marsh, H.and Craven, R .G., and Debuse, R.(1999). Self concept of young children 4 to 8 years of age. Measurement and multidimensional structure journal of educational psychology volume .83,pp 377-392. Meece, J.L.and Jones M.G. (1994). Gender Differences in Motivation and Strategy Use in Science: Are Girls Rote Learner?; Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol.33, 1996, pp 393-406. Nadi, M . Gordanshekcan, M. Golparvar, M. (2011).The impact of teaching critical thinking, problem solving and self-directed learning in student metacognition. Journal of Research on The Curriculum.No, 28-29(8).pp 53-61 [Persian]. Poorasghr, n. (2003). The role of self-concept and motivation to learn mathematics achievement in first year high school students (6th district of Tehran). Master's thesis. Teacher Training University of Tehran[ Persian]. Robertsaydam. R., Montgomery. M., lindquist .M.(2001). Helping children learn mathematics (translation by Norouzian M). Tehran: publication of school [Persian]. RuWang, J.and lien kao, H. and Wen Lin, Sh. (2010). Preservice teacher's initial conceptions about assessment of science learning: the coherence with their views of learning science. Teaching and Teacher Education.volume 26. pp 522 – 529. Saadatmand, Z. (2000). Comparison of methods of teaching problem-solving with traditional methods in social studies and matimatis education on the academic achievement and attitudes. PhD Thesis, Tehran University, Science and Research[ Persian]. Saatchi,M. Kamkari,K .Asgarian,M.(2011) .Psychological tests.Publication of virayesh [Persian]. Saif,A. (2000). Educational psychology, psychology of learning and teaching. Tehran:Publication of Agah[ Persian]. Salighadar, L.(2007). Utilizes a problem-solving strategies in the classroom. Journal of Elementary Education.No,98. pp36-38. [ Persian]. Samadi, M. (2000). Effects of metacognition in mathematical problem solving fourth grade students. Journal of Mathematics Education.No,61.pp16-18 [ Persian]. Stone, N. (2005). Exploring the relationship between calibration and self- regulated learning. Educational Psychology Review. 12 (4). pp 437-475. Winkelmann, H. and Heuvel- Panhuizen, M.V.D and Robitzsch, A. (2008). Gender differences in the mathematics achievements of German primary school student: results from a German large-scale study. ZDM Mathematics Education. volume 40. pp 601-616. Zeraat, Z . Ghafourian, AS. (2009). Effectiveness of problem-solving skills training on academic self-concept. . Journal of Educational Strategies, second, 1.pp 26 - 23[ Persian]. Zolfaghari, H. Sangari.M. (2002). Teacher Book(teaching guide) Persian Reading and Writing of first grade.Tehran: the Department of printing and distribution of textbooks[ Persian]. Zimmerman B.J.and Bandura A.(1994). Impact of Self-Regulatory Influences on Writing Course Attainment. American Educational Research Journal. Vol.31. pp 845-862.