نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1کارشناسی ارشد برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 2دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مددکاری اجتماعی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

تحقق اهداف آموزش و پرورش از طریق برنامه‌های درسی و منابع کمک آموزشی صورت می‌گیرد و کتاب درسی یکی از مهمترین مراجع و منابع یادگیری دانش‌آموزان در نظام آموزشی محسوب می‌شود. پژوهش حاضر، به بررسی تحلیل محتوای مهارت‌های اجتماعی در کتاب درسی تعلیمات اجتماعی سال اول راهنمایی می‌پردازد. به همین منظور، کتاب تعلیمات اجتماعی سال اول راهنمایی شامل 4 فصل و 78 صفحه بر اساس واحد تحلیل پاراگراف مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. بر این اساس چهار مقوله مهارت‌های ارتباطی، جرأت ورزی، خودگردانی و مقابله‌ای در حوزه مهارت‌های اجتماعی انتخاب و از روش تحقیق تحلیل محتوا به منظور بررسی این مهارت‌ها استفاده شد. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن است که میزان مهارت اجتماعی خودگردانی با فراوانی 21 پاراگراف و 12.06 درصد در مقایسه با دیگر مقولات مورد بررسی در پژوهش سهم بیشتری را دارست و این نشان از اهمیت دادن مؤلفان کتاب به این مقوله است. دیگر مهارت‌های اجتماعی همچون مشورت با دیگران و برقراری ارتباط هم با درصدی معادل 8.04 در جایگاه بعدی از مهارت‌های اجتماعی مطروحه در کتاب تعلیمات اجتماعی مورد توجه قرار گرفته‌اند. در زمینه مهارت اجتماعی بیان کردن نه نیز پاراگرافی مشاهده نشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Contently analyzing the social skills in the social training book in first grade of junior high school

چکیده [English]

The aims of education are not fulfilled unless educational programs and supplementary materials are taken, well, into consideration. It is, therefore, the textbook the most important reference in educational system. This article is to contantly analyze the social skills in social training book of first grade of junior high school. This book, consisted of four chapters and 78 pages, has been studied based on paragraph unit analysis. Four social skills as communication, assertiveness, autonomy, and coping were selected and content analysis method was used to evaluate these skills. The findings represent that the social skills of self-management, with 21 paragraph and 12.06 percent, has the largest frequency, showing the high concern of the writers to such an issue. Other social skills a consultation and communication are the next two skills being highly noticed (8.04 percent). Also, there is not any paragraph related to the social skill of saying ‘No’.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • social training
  • social skills
  • Textbook
  • Content Analysis
  • Pupil

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