نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1و 2 استادیار دانشکاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 3کارشناس ارشد دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی و تحلیل جایگاه هوش معنوی و مؤلفه‌های آن در میان مجریان و دریافت کنندگان برنامه درسی دین و زندگی سال چهارم متوسطه است. جامعه آماری این تحقیق شامل تمام دبیران دین و زندگی و دانش‌آموزان سال چهارم متوسطه کاشان است که از میان آنها با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای 348 دانش‌آموز انتخاب شدند. با توجه به محدود بودن تعداد دبیران، همه آنها مورد مطالعه قرار گرفتند. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از پرسشنامه 42 سؤالی هوش معنوی استفاده گردید. روایی پرسشنامه با توجه به منابع نظری موجود و دیدگاه‌های متخصصان و پایایی آن از طریق آلفای کرونباخ 85/0 تأیید گردید. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از شاخص‌های آمار توصیفی (میانگین، انحراف معیار) و آمار استنباطی (آزمونt) استفاده شد. نتایج حاصله از این پژوهش نشان داد که میان دبیران دین و زندگی و دانش‌آموزان سال چهارم متوسطه از نظر هوش معنوی تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد. در عین حال که میان دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر از نظر میزان برخورداری از هوش معنوی تفاوتی معنادار وجود دارد. علاوه بر این، یافته‌های پژوهش حاضر مؤید آن است که میزان شناخت و آگاهی دبیران دین و زندگی از مؤلفه‌های هوش معنوی در حد نازلی است و اصولاً این حوزه در مقطع متوسطه با تنگناها و چالش‌های جدی مواجه است.در عین حال، با توجه به یافته‌های حاصل از این پژوهش، بر ارتقای هوش معنوی دانش‌آموزان و دبیران دین و زندگی و اتخاذ تدابیر لازم به منظور اصلاح کتب درسی و روش‌های تدریس در راستای رشد و پرورش هوش معنوی تأکید شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The analysis of spiritual intelligence amongst the implementers and the receivers of” Religion and Life” curriculum in high school

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad amini 1
  • mohammad reza tammanneifar 1
  • asieh nazhad 2

چکیده [English]

The chief aim of this essay is to study and to analyze the position of spiritual intelligence and its components amongst the implementer and the receivers of “Religion and Life” curriculum in the fourth grade of high school. All the teacher, Teaching the ” Religion and Life” courses, along with the 348 fourth grade high school students, who were chosen randomly based on the clustering sampling method, were selected as the statistical population. A questioner, consisted of 42 questions about spiritual intelligence, was, then, used to collect the data. The validity and reliability, both, have been confirmed the first by means of the theoretical sources as well as the experts of the field and the second by Coronbach’s Alpha (%85). Both descriptive statistics (mean and slandered deviation) and inferential statistic (t-test) were used to analyze the data. Based on the findings, it can be concluded that the teachers and students are not highly different in terms of spiritual intelligence whereas, this difference is more conspicuous between the boys and the girls. In addition, these findings indicate that the degree of knowledge and awareness of teachers about spiritual intelligence and its components is very low and, therefore, there is a serious challenge in this filled . The priority, hence, should be given to promote the spiritual intelligence as well as changes in both textbooks and teaching methods.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • spiritual intelligence
  • Spirituality
  • God’s kingdom
  • Adaptive behavior

Amram,Yosi(2007).The seven dimensions of spiritual intelligence :An ecumenical, grounded theory. Institute of Transpersonal Psychology. Palo Alto,CA.1-8. Atkinson, Rita and colleagues (2001). intrroduction to psycology .translator Mohammed Nagi Baraheni al., Volume I, Tehran: Publication of growth[ Persian]. Badi, Ali. Sawari,E. Bagheri Dashtbozorgy, N. and Latifi zadegan, Vahideh (2010). Spiritual Intelligence Scale construction and validation. Tabriz, the first National Conference on Psychology PNU[ Persian]. Binder,Marni J.(2011). I saw the universe and I saw the world: exploring spiritual literacy with Young children in a primary classroom. International Journal of children’s Spirituality.16(1).19-35. Bowman, Nicholas A.& Small, Jenny(2010).Do college students who identify with a privileged religion experience greater spiritual development? exploring individual and institutional dynamics? Resarch in Higher Education. V51(7).595-614. Buchanan, Michael T.(2010)Attending to the spiritual dimension to enhance curriculum change. Journal of Beliefs & Values.31(22).191-201. Daniliuk,A. kondaKov,A.& Tish Kov V.A.(2010). The spiritual and moral education of Russia’s school students. Russian Education and Society.52(2).3-18. Duffy,R.D.(2005).The relationship between spirituality, religiousness and adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior,67(3).429-440. Elkins,M& Cavendish(2004).Developing a plan for pediatric care. Holistic Nursing Practice.18(4).179-186. Emmons,R .A.(2000). Is spirituality an intelligence? Motivation, cognition & the psychology of ultimate concern. The International Journal for psychology of Religion.10/1,3-26. Fabricator,A. Handle, P. & Fenzel, M.(2000). Personal spirituality as a moderator between stressor and subjective well-being. Journal of Psychology and Theology.28(3).221-228. Faramarzi,salar. Homai,Reza., Soltan Husseini, Mohamad. (2009). Investigate the relationship between intellectual intelligence and emotional intelligence of student. Scientific Dvfslnamh - Specialized Islamic Studies and Psychology.5 (3) PP7-23 [ Persian]. Farhangy,Ali Akbar. et al (2009) Predictors of intelligence and transformational leadership: Exploring the relationship between spiritual intelligence, emotional intelligence and transformational leadership. Iranian Journal of Management Science, 15 (4)PP31-57[ Persian]. Gardner, Haward(1990). Multiple intelligences: implications for art and creativity. In W.J.Moody(ed).Artistic intelligences implications for education. Teachers College Press.N.Y. Ghobari Banab, B; Salimi, M.; Salyany, L., Nouri Moghadam, Sana (2007), spiritual Intelligence, Journal - Research Biker Education - Third year - No. I, pp. 147-125[ Persian]. Goleman, Daniel (2003). Emotional intelligence: the ability to love and affection. Parsa, Nasrin translator. Second edition, Tehran: Publication of growth[ Persian]. Halama,P.& Strizenes,M.(2004). Spiritual, existential or both? Theoretical consideration on the nature of higher intelligence. Stadia Psycholigical.43(3).239-253. King,David B.(2007). The spiritual intelligence project. Trent University, Canada. Available at:www.dblcig.net. King,Ursula(2010). Earthing spiritual literacy: how to link spiritual development and education to a new earth consciousness? Journal of Beliefs & Values.31(3).245-260. Lovik.Eric G(2010). The impact of organization features and student experiences on spiritual development during the first year of college. Proquest LLC.D. Dissertation. The Pennsylvania State University. Maleki, H. (2000). Curriculum development practic guide. Mashhad: broadcast Payam Andishe [Persian]. McMullen,B. ,)2003(, spiritual intelligence. Available at: www. Studentbmj.com Moalemy, S. Raghibi, M. and Salary Dargi, Z. (2010) Comparison of Spiritual Intelligence and mental health in addicts and Normal Individuals, Journal of Shaeed Sdoughi University of Medical Sciences Yazd, Volume 18, Number 3, featured a high-risk behavior, pp. 242 -235[ Persian]. Naderi, Farah. Asgari, P. Roshany, Kh. Mehry Adriany, M. (2009). The relationship between intellectual intelligence and emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Quarterly new findings in psychology, 13 (5), pp127-135[ Persian]. Nasel, Dagmar Dasha . (2004). spiritual orientation in Relation to spiritual intelligence: A new consideration of traditional Christianity and new Age/individualistic spirituality. Doctoral Dissertation. University of south Australia: Australia. Nobel,K.D.(2000). spiritual intelligence:A new frame of mind. Advanced Development journal.9.1-28. Persinger,M.A.(1996).Feelings of past lives as expected perturbations within neurocognitive processes that generate the sense of self. Contribution from limbic labiality and vectorial hemisphericity. Perceptual and Motor Skills.83(2).1107-1121. Raghib, Maede Sadat. Ahmadi, S. Siadat, S (2008). Analysis of Amount of Spiritual Intelligence among Students at University of Isfahan and its Relation to Demographic Traits. Journal of Educational Psychology Studies, No. VIII[ Persian]. Rajai, A. (2010), Spiritual Intelligence: Perspectives and Challenges, Islamic Azad University Educational Research - 15 (7) .PP21-50[ Persian]. Ramachandran,V.S.(1999).Phantoms in the brain: Exploring the mysteries of the human brain Jondon: Fourth Estate. Samadi, P. (2006), spiritual intelligence, new ideas Psychology, Volume 2 - Issue 3 & 4, pp. 114-99[ Persian]. Santos, E, Severo,)2006(, spiritual intelligence; what is spiritual intelligence? Haw it benefits a person?Available at: www.skopun.files.wordpress.com Sisk, D.A , & Torrance. , E.P.(2001) spiritual intelligence: Developing higher consciousness. Buffalo, new York: creative education foundation press. Vaughan, F. ,) 2002(, What is spiritual intelligence? Journal of humanistic psychology.42/2.16-33. Wigglesworth,cindy.(2006).Why spiritual intelligence is essential to mature leadership. Integral Leadership Review. volVI.no3. Yaghobi, A. (2010). The study of relation between spiritual intelligence and rate of happiness in Booali University students. Journal of Research in Educational Systems . Vol94,No4,PP85-95[Persian]. Zohar,D. & Marshall,I.(2000). SQ:spiritual intelligence , the ultimate intelligence. London: Bloombry.