نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

2 2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

3 3 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، مؤسسه پژوهش و برنامه ریزی در آموزش عالی

4 4 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تلفیق و کاربرد فناوری آموزش از دور در کلاس درس دانشجویان دکتری دانشگاه پیام نور بود. ابتدا برای شناسایی عوامل مهم تأثیرگذار بر کاربرد فناوری آموزش از دور در کلاس درس از30 کارشناس آموزش از دور نظرسنجی شد. سپس در قالب پرسشنامه محقق ساخته در اختیار نمونه آماری قرار داده شد. این پرسشنامه شامل 5 عامل اصلی و 36 زیر مؤلفه بود. لذا برای انجام تحقیق از بین 1082 نفر جامعه آماری با کمک روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی و فرمول کوکران 136 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و پرسشنامه در بین آنها توزیع و گردآوری شد. برای تحلیل داده‌های تحقیق از روش‌های آمار توصیفی و استنباطی؛ میانگین، انحراف استاندارد، ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی با کمک نرم افزار SPSS18 و لیزرل 53/8 استفاده شد. نتیجه اولیه نشان داد که عوامل خودکفایی، تبحر در کار با فناوری، مفید بودن، دسترسی آسان و حمایت همه جانبه به عنوان عوامل تأثیرگذار بر تلفیق و کاربرد فناوری آموزش از دور در کلاس درس دانشجویان دکتری شناسایی شدند که ضریب همبستگی بین آنها به ترتیب 64%، 52% ، 49% ، 47% و 39% به دست آمد که نشان دهنده ضریب مثبت و بالا بود. نتیجه نهایی لیزرل 53/8 نیز نشان داد که چون نسبت خی دو 07/732 به درجه آزادی 337 برابر با 172/2 ،کوچک‌تر از 3، میزان RMSEA0018/. کوچک‌تر از سطح استاندارد01/.، میزانP-value 2132/.، بزرگ‌تر از سطح استاندارد 05/.، میزانGFI 91/. و AGFI 90/. مساوی یا بزرگ‌تر از 90/. به دست آمده، از یک سو، نشان دهنده برازش خوب نهایی مدل بوده و از سوی دیگر، نشان دهنده ارتباط معنادار بین 5 عامل شناسایی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Study of the driving factors in integration and application of distant education and representing a model for distant education

نویسندگان [English]

  • hossein najafi 1
  • mehran farajolahi 2
  • norozzadeh reza 3
  • reza sarmadi 4

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present research was to study the driving factors in integration and application of distant education in PhD courses of Payame Noor University. In order to identify the fundamental factors, a researcher-made questionnaire, consisting of 5 scales and 36 sub-scales, was given to 30 distant education experts. . From a population of 1082 people, 136 were selected as the sample, using random sampling and Cochran’s formula, and the questionnaire was distributed among them. Descriptive statistics as well as inferential analysis mean, slandered diviation, Pearson correlation coefficient, and exploratory analysis were applied for data analysis in SPSS 18 and LISREL 8.53. Based on the initial findings, these were the self-sufficiency, technological skillfulness, practicality, easy access, and comprehensive support which were identified as the driving factors in integration and application of distance education. The correlation coefficients for these factors were 64%, 52%, 49%, 47%, and 39%, respectively. The final results of LISREL analysis showed that the coefficients of determination for the above factors are 27%, 66%, 77%, 61%, and 80%, respectively, indicating the positive relationship of these factors with integration, application, and modeling of distant education. Chi-square to df ratio (2.172) was less than 3, the value of RMSEA (0.0018) was less than the threshold ( ), -value (0.2132) was greater than the threshold ( ), and the values of GFI (0.91) and AGFI (0.90) were equal to or greater than the threshold (0.90), all suggesting the goodness of fit of the model and indicating significant relationships between the five main scales.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • modeling distant education
  • technology integration and application
  • PNU

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