نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

2 2 و 4 کارشناس ارشد، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران

3 3 کارشناس ارشد، واحد بوشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بوشهر، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر که پژوهشی توصیفی ـ پیمایشی است، شناسایی باورهای معلمان شهر شیراز پیرامون میزان ارزشمندی جهت‌گیری‌های برنامه درسی بود. بدین منظور، از بین معلمان شاغل در مدارس این شهر در سال تحصیلی 91-1390 نمونه‌ای به حجم 368 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای انتخاب و از طریق پرسشنامه جهت‌گیری‌های برنامه درسی که روایی و پایایی آن محاسبه و تأیید گردیده بود، مورد پرسش‌گری قرار گرفتند. برای تجریه و تحلیل داده‌های حاصله از روش‌های آماری تی تک‌نمونه‌ای، تحلیل واریانس اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر، تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره و آزمون‌های تعقیبی بونفرونی و شفه استفاده گردید. یافته‌ها نشان داد که معلمان بر این باورند که هر شش جهت‌گیری برنامه درسی دارای ارزش زیادی بوده و در این بین، جهت‌گیری رفتاری باارزش‌ترین جهت‌گیری در برنامه درسی قلمداد گردید. همچنین، مشخص شد که بین باورهای معلمان دوره‌های مختلف تحصیلی در باب میزان ارزشمندی جهت‌گیری‌های برنامه درسی تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد، در حالی که بین باورهای معلمان با سوابق خدمتی مختلف و نیز معلمان مرد و زن در زمینه این تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نگردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Identification of the Teachers’ Beliefs about the Value of the six Curriculum Orientations

نویسندگان [English]

  • nasrolah norozi 1
  • zahra maarefat 2
  • habibolah neamati Zeyarati 3
  • zahra mirshekari 2

چکیده [English]

The present study which is of a descriptive - survey type aimed to identify the Shiraz school teachers’ beliefs about the value of curriculum orientations. For this purpose, a classified random sample including 368 teachers at Shiraz Schools, in academic year of 2011-2012, were selected. They, then, answered to a curriculum orientation questioner which its reliability and validity had been calculated and verified. One sample T-test, repeated measures analysis of variance, multivariate analysis of variance as well as Bonferroni and Scheffe post hoc tests were used to analyze the data. It was, therefore, resulted from the findings that all of the six curriculum orientations, from the teachers' point of view, were highly valued however, the behavioral orientation has been considered as the most invaluable one.Furthermore, it was determined that the teachers at different school levels thought significantly different about the importance of curriculum orientation while, such difference was not found neither between the teachers with opposite genders, nor between those with different years of experience.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Academic Rationalism Orientation
  • Cognitive Process Orientation
  • Social Reconstruction Orientation
  • Self-Actualization (Humanistic) Orientation
  • Technological (Behavioral) Orientation
  • Eclectic Orientation

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