نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

1دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران جنوب، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حـاضر، با هـدف تحلیل محتوای کتاب آموزش مهارت‌هایی برای زندگی پایه پنجم دوره ابتدایی، بر اساس اصول انتخاب محتوای برنامه‌ریزی درسی و ارائه راهکارهای اصلاحی، از نظر صاحب نظران برنامه ریزی درسی صورت گرفته است. روش پژوهش، توصیفی و ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته شامل 30 سؤال بسته پاسخ و 3 سؤال باز پاسخ بوده که همراه با کتاب مذکور، در اختیار صاحب نظران برنامه‌ریزی درسی که با روش نمونه گیری در دسترس انتخاب شده بودند، قرار داده شد. نتایج تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها، حاکی از آن است که، صاحب نظران برنامه درسی معتقدند: اصول اهمیت، اعتبار، سودمندی، قابلیت یادگیری، علاقه فراگیران و توجه به ساختار دانش در حد زیاد و اصل انعطاف پذیری در حد متوسط، در انتخاب محتوای کتاب مذکور، رعایت شده است. تحلیل استنباطی داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای، حاکی از آن است که، به نظر صاحب نظران برنامه درسی، رعایت اصول اهمیت، اعتبار، سودمندی، علاقه، توجه به ساختار دانش و قابلیت یادگیری به لحاظ آماری، معنادار بوده و رعایت اصل انعطاف پذیری در انتخاب محتوای کتاب مذکور، معنادار نبوده است. همچنین تحلیل سؤالات باز پاسخ، حاکی از آن بود که به نظر صاحب نظران برنامه درسی، 9 موضوع باید به محتوای کتاب اضافه شود که عمده‌ترین آن، روش ارتباط مناسب ذکر گردید، همچنین 3 موضوع باید از محتوای کتاب حذف شوند که عمده‌ترین آن، غم و اندوه و خشم است و از 7 موضوعی که باید مورد تأکید بیشتر قرار بگیرد، حل مسأله، دارای بیشترین فراوانی، بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Contently analyzing the

چکیده [English]

The present study aims to contently analyze the" Life Skills" textbook of the 5th grade of primary schools, based on the principles of curriculum contents selection. It, also, provides corrective strategies expressed by the curriculum planning experts. The descriptive method is employed and the data have been gathered by means of a researcher-made questionnaire which includes 30 closed- answer questions and 3 opened-answer questions. The questioner along with the book has been given to the curriculum planning experts, who have been chosen based on the random access sampling method. What being shown from the findings is that curriculum planning experts believe that the principles of importance, validity, profitability, learning ability, students' eagerness and attention to the structure of knowledge are highly considered in selecting the contents of the very book while, principle of flexibility has, to some extent, been observed. Inductively analyzing the data by means of one-sample t-test indicates that curriculum planning experts believe that observing the principles of importance, validity, profitability, students' eagerness and attention to the structure of knowledge and learning ability are statically meaningful however, the same cannot be said for the principle of flexibility .once analyzing the opened-answer questions, curriculum planning experts came to these conclusion that: a) nine subjects should be added to the contents of the book, the most important of which is proper relationship. b) Three subjects should be omitted, mainly the subjects about sorrow, sadness and anger. C) Seven other subjects should be more emphasized on, among which problem solving has had the highest frequency.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teaching Life Skills
  • Content Analysis
  • Principles of Content Selection
  • Curricu-lum Planning
  • primary school

Adlib, Y. (2003). Appropriate model curriculum of life skills course designed for Secondary educational. M.A Thesis, tarbiat modaress university.[Persian]. Agajani, M. (2002). Effectiveness of training in life skills and forming control adolescent mental health. M.A Thesis, al-Zahra university. [Persian]. Asareh, F. (2000). Educational needs of children with life skills in the elementary school. information in general education congress, Tehran, Iran. [Persian]. Azanchilar, F. (2004). Prioritization of high school students life skills from the perspective of both teachers and students, and to compare it with the existing curriculum at the high school in Urmia city. M.A Thesis, Tabriz university. [Persian]. Bagheri, M., Bahrami Ehsani, h. (2003). The role of Teaching life skills, knowledge and attitudes towards drug use and self-esteem, Tehran: state welfare organization of Iran. [Persian]. Botvin, G. J., Kantor, L. W (2001). Preventing alcohol and tobacco use through life skills training. Alcohol Research and Health, 24, 250–257. Coffman, D. L., Caldwell, L. L., & Smith, E. A. (2012). Introducing the at-risk causal average effect with application to Health Wise South Africa. Prevention Science, 13(4), 437–447. Coffman, D. L., Smith, E. A., Flisher, A., & Caldwell, L. L. (2011). Effects of Health Wise South Africa on condom use self-efficacy. Prevention Science, 12(1). PMID: 21271356. Farmahini farahani, M. (2010). Ten key life skills and life skills, Tehran: shabahang. [Persian]. Fateh, M. (2006). Content analyze of social instruction in primary school In terms of its relationship with life skills, M.A Thesis, allameh tabatabaie university. [Persian]. Garachedaghi, M. (2001). The life skills, Tehran: khatoon. [Persian]. Ghasemi Zargar, F. (2006). Content analysis of secondary school textbooks based on the components of life skills, M.A Thesis, al-Zahra university. [Persian]. Gorman, D. M (2002). Science of drug and alcohol prevention: The case of the randomized trial of the Life Skills Training program. International Journal of Drug Policy, 13, 21–26. International Center for Alcohol Policies (2000). Life Skills Education in South Africa and Botswana. Washington, DC. Jahani, SH. (2006). Need Assessment of Bam city's students life skills, M.A Thesis, al-Zahra university. [Persian]. jamali Tazehkand, M., Talebzadeh Nobarian, M., Abolghasemi, M. (2013), Analyzing the Status of Citizenship Education Components in Social Science Curriculum Content of Secondary School, Research in Curriculum Planning, A Quarterly Journal Of Science and Research, Islamic Azad University-Khorasgan (Isfahan) Branch, 2(37): 1-19. [Persian]. Kermani, A. (2002). The factors contributing to the low level skills of elementary school students in East Azerbaijan Province, M.A Thesis, tarbiat moallem university. [Persian]. Khoshnavaye foomani, F. (2007).Teen life skills, knowledge, attitude and practice about Ecstasy in west of Tehran, M.A Thesis, school of nursing and midwife, Iran university. [Persian]. Maleki, H. (2005). Curriculum: practical guide, Tehran: madreseh. [Persian]. Meyer, A., Farrell, A (1998). Social Skills Training to Promote Resilience in Urban Sixth Grade Students: One Product of an Action Research Strategy to Prevent Youth Violence in High-Risk Environments. Education and Treatment of Children. November. 21(4): 461-488. Nikparvar, R. (2004). An introduction to Life skills education program, Tehran: state welfare organization of Iran. [Persian]. Palen, L. A., Patrick, M. E., Gleeson, S., Caldwell, L. L., Smith, E. A., Wegner, L., & Flisher, A. J. (2010). Leisure constraints for youth in Cape Town, South Africa: A qualitative study. Leisure Sciences, 32(5), 434–452. Patrick, M. E., Palen, L. A., Caldwell, L. L., Gleeson, S., Smith, E. A., & Wegner, L. (2010). A qualitative assessment of South African adolescents' motivations for and against substance use and sexual behavior. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 20, 456–481. Ramezankhani, A., Sayari, A.K. (2000), The status of life skills education in Iran's elementary education, information in general education congress, Tehran, Iran. [Persian]. sabbaghi,n., saadatmand, Z. (2013). Effectiveness Rate of the Components of Citizenship Values in the Primary School Curriculum, 2(37): 154-165. [Persian]. Sabzian, F. (2003). Evaluation of the life skills curriculum of primary schools in Tehran, organization if education and research in management and planning. [Persian]. Safarzadeh, M. (2004). The effectiveness of life skills education on effective communication in the junior high school female students in Tehran. M.A Thesis, allameh tabatabaie university. [Persian]. Schutt-Aine, J (2001). Sexual Health and Development of Adolescents and Youth in the Americas: Program and Policy Implications. Forthcoming. Smith, E. A., Swisher, J. D., Vicary, J. R., Bechtel, L. J., Minner, D., Henry, K. L., & Palmer, R (2004). Evaluation of Life Skills training and Infused-Life Skills training in a rural setting. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 48(1), 51–70. Smith, E. A., Swisher, J. D., Vicary, J. R., Bechtel, L. J., Minner, D., Henry, K. L., & Palmer, R. (2004). Evaluation of Life Skills training and Infused-Life Skills training in a rural setting. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 48(1), 51–70. Swisher, J. D., Smith, E. A., Vicary, J. R., Bechtel, L. J., & Hopkins, A. M (2004). A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to Life Skills training. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 48(1), 71–80. Swisher, J. D., Smith, E. A., Vicary, J. R., Bechtel, L. J., & Hopkins, A. M. (2004). A cost-effectiveness comparison of two approaches to Life Skills training. Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 48(1), 71–80. Unicef. (2005). Life Skills. available in www.Unicef.org. Vahedi, M. (2006). Content analysis of religious books with standards of content selection and organization From the perspective of Tehran's teachers and experts, M.A Thesis, allameh tabatabaie university. [Persian]. Yazdikhah, Z. (2006). Content analysis of school textbooks based on the components of life skills, M.A Thesis, payame noor university. [Persian].