نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1کارشناس ارشد علوم تربیتی، دبیر آموزش و پرورش، استان گلستان، ایران

2 2دانشیار، واحد آزادشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، آزادشهر، ایران

چکیده

انسان‌ها همواره سعی در جهت یافتن عوامل مؤثر بر میزان یادگیری داشته‌اند، زیرا یادگیری اهمیت زیادی در زندگی بشر دارد. هدف اصلی این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر آموزش راهبردهای یادگیری و مطالعه بر میزان یادگیری و یادداری درس فیزیک پایه اول دبیرستان بود. در یک طرح شبه آزمایشی، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای دو کلاس پایه اول دبیرستان (44 دانش‌آموز) در دو گروه آزمایشی و کنترل جایگزین شدند. جامعه آماری، کلیه دانش‌آموزان دختر پایه اول دبیرستان‌های شهرستان گمیشان را در سال تحصیلی 92 ـ 91 در برگرفت. ابتدا هر دو گروه به سؤالات یک آزمون پیشرفت تحصیلی معلم‌ساخته (پیش‌آزمون) پاسخ دادند که نمرات دو گروه تفاوت معناداری با یکدیگر نداشت. به گروه آزمایش، 10 جلسه راهبردهای یادگیری و مطالعه آموزش داده شد. در پایان از دو گروه پس‌آزمون گرفته شد. پس از سه هفته هر دو گروه به سؤالات آزمون یادداری پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های تحلیل کوواریانس(ANCOVA) و آزمون t تجزیه و تحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد آموزش راهبردهای یادگیری و مطالعه باعث افزایش میزان یادگیری و یادداری درس فیزیک در گروه آزمایش می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of the effect of teaching the strategies of learning and reading on the level of learning and retention of Physics course among the first grade of female high school students in Gomishan, in academic year 2012-2013

نویسندگان [English]

  • Safieh Mofidi 1
  • Ali Asghar Bayani 2

چکیده [English]

Because of the importance of learning, People have always been trying to find the factors affecting learning. The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of teaching the strategies of learning and reading on the level of learning and retention of Physics course among the first grade students in high school. 44 students, by applying a quasi-experimental design and cluster random sampling were divided into the experimental and the control groups. The statistical population included all the girl students in first grade of high school in Gomishan city. Initially both groups answered the questions of a teacher-made achievement test (pre-test). there was no significant difference between two groups. Then, the experimental group received 10 educational sessions about the learning and reading strategies. At the end of the teaching period, a post- test was performed for two groups. After three weeks, both groups answered the retention test questions. Data, then, were analyzed using analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) and t-test was analyzed, too. The results indicated that teaching learning and reading strategies can enhance the learning and retention of physics in the experimental group.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • learning strategies
  • Reading
  • retention
  • Learning

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