نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 1کارشناسی ارشد علوم تربیتی.

2 2عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

3 3عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر روش تدریس همیاری را با روش تدریس 5 ای بر پیشرفت تحصیلی و مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پسر در درس علوم تجربی پایه پنجم ابتدایی شهرستان قوچان در سال تحصیلی 92 ـ 1391مورد بررسی قرار داده است. روش پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی است و از طرح پیش آزمون و پس آزمون با دو گروه آزمایشی استفاده شد. ابزارهای تحقیق شامل متن درسی و آزمون‌های پیشرفت تحصیلی و مهارت‌های اجتماعی محقق ساخته بود و کلیه آزمون‌ها از نظر روایی صوری و محتوایی بررسی و مورد تأیید قرار گرفتند. پایایی پرسشنامه پیشرفت تحصیلی با روش کوریچاردسون 20 مورد بررسی قرار گرفت و برابر با 79/. شد و پایایی پرسشنامه مهارت‌های اجتماعی هم برابر با 90/0 شد. داده‌ها با استفاده آزمون تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد بین میانگین نمرات پیشرفت تحصیلی و مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزانی که با روش تدریس 5 ای آموزش دیده‌اند و دانش‌آموزانی که با روش تدریس همیاری آموزش دیده‌اند، تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد. به عبارتی تدریس با روش 5 ای بر پیشرفت تحصیلی و تدریس با روش همیاری بر مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان مؤثرتر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The comparison of the effect of cooperative teaching method and E5 teaching method on academic achievement and social skills: considering the fifth grade male elementary school students in empirical science course

نویسندگان [English]

  • masoud khoftehdel 1
  • assad adibnia 2
  • yahya mohajer 3

چکیده [English]

This research investigated the effect of cooperative and E5 teaching methods on academic achievement and social skills of fifth grade male elementary school students in empirical science course, in Gouchan city, in academic year 2012-2013.The applied method was quasi-experimental one. The study tools were the educational texts, researcher-made academic achievement and social skills tests whose content and face validities had been confirmed by relative experts. The reliability of the academic achievement test was estimated by Kuder-Richardson20 method as KR20=0.79 and the reliability of the social skills was examined as KR20=0.90. Data were, then, analyzed by multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA). The results showed that there was a significant difference between the mean scores of academic achievement and social skills of students who were taught by E5 teaching method and those being taught by Cooperative teaching method. In other word, E5 method had a more noticeable effect on academic improvement and cooperative method was more effective in social skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cooperative Teaching Method
  • E5 teaching Method
  • Academic Achievement
  • social skills

Adibnia. (2010). Methods of Advance Teaching. shoshtar: Azad University. Adib neia A, mohajer Y, sheikhpoor S. Comparison the effect of problem- solving and discovery teaching methods on the social problem-solving skills of female students. (Persian) Ashoori J, kajbaf M, manshaee G, talebi H. Effectiveness of conceptual map, cooperative learning and traditional teaching methods on the incentive to progress and academic achievement in biology course. 3. 2014; 2 (41) :63-73 (Persian) Behrangi. (2002). Teaching Models. Tehran. Daniel Moys David Renolds. (2005). Effective Teaching Methods. (A. Besharat, & H. shamsipour, Trans.) Tehran: Roshd. Delavar, A. (2008). Educational and psychological. Tehran: Virayesh. Fazeliyan, N. E. (2010). Effectiveness of E5 teaching methods, learning and maintain a Science class content. (Persian) Fazelian,P, Naveh ebrahim,A, Soraghi, S, (2010) The effect of 5E instructional designmodel on learning and retention of sciences for middle class students Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences 140–143.(Persian) Gardner, J. and Jerome jewler. (2000). Your collge experience strategies for success wads worth publishing company. U.S.A. Heydari. (2006). Comparison of five methods of teaching with lectures teaching methods in academic achievement in elementary school science students in the fifth grade city Ghaemshahr .MA Allameh Tabatabai University. (Persian) Hamedani z, Haghani f, Liaghat Dar m, Comparison of Influence of Cooperative Learning with Mixed Teaching Method of Short Lecture and Question & Answer in Biology Achievement. 8. 2011;2(30):3-10 (persian) Johnson, D.W., & Johnson, R.T.(1987) A meta analysis of cooperative, competitive and Individualistic goal structure. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence ErlbaumJhonson. Johson R.T.Johnson J . & Anaerson. D(1990) the Effects of cooperative vs Individualized nstruction on tudent Pprssocial Behavior , Attitudes Toward Learning and Achievement Jornal of Psychology , P.P 446-452. Joyce, Bruce, Will, Marshall, Kalhvn, Emile. (2005). Teaching models in 2004, translated by MR, Behrangi. Tehran: Kamal tarbiat. Kiarasy, S. (2008) compared the effectiveness of teaching aid on academic achievement and social skills, female students in the fifth year of elementary school science Dezful. Allameh Tabatabai University. (persian) Kogan, S. (2004). Cooperative learning, kogan publishers.Fischer, S. & Shachar, Lavasania, M. Afzalia,L, Borhanzadeha, Sh, Afzalia,F, Davoodia, M.. 2011). The effect of cooperative learning on the social skills of first grade elementary school girls. A Department of Educational Psychology and Counselling, University of Tehran, Iran. Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences (Persian) Mahram B, Baraee A, Kareshki H. The status of problem-solving process in the contents of elementary sciences textbooks' exercises. 3. 2013; 2 (39) :1-10 (Persian) Shokohi, GH. (2006). Foundations and Principles of Education. Mashhad: Astan Quds Razavi. Sibel, A, Sema, A, Ümit ,T (2011).An evaluation of activities designed in accordance with the 5E model by would-be science teachers Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. The Faculty of Education,Erzincan University, 24000 Erzincan, Turkey 708– 711. Sibel, A, Sema, A, Ümit ,T (2011) Effects of the 5E learning model on students’ academic achievements in movement and force issues Procedia Social and Behavioral Sciences. The Faculty of Education, Erzincan University, 24000 Erzincan,Turkey 2459–2462. Susan, E, Susan, W. (2008). Understanding Cooperative learning. (M. Malekan, Trans)