نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

2 استاد مرکز تحقیقات مدیریت و اقتصاد سلامت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، واحــد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، اعتباریابی الگوی برنامه درسی بین رشته‌ای آموزش سواد زیست محیطی در دوره متوسطه و از نوع توصیفی – پیمایشی  بوده است. در این راستا ابتدا، چارچوب پیشنهادی آموزش سواد زیست محیطی در قالب عناصر چهارگانه برنامه ی درسی (هدف، محتوا، روش‌های یاددهی ـ یادگیری و ارزشیابی) و شامل سه مؤلفه دانش، مهارت و نگرش زیست محیطی، تدوین و در اختیار متخصصان محیط زیست و برنامه ریزان درسی، قرار داده شد. نتایج آزمون توزیع دو جمله‌ای و t تک گروهی در سطح (05/0P < /span>≤) نشان دهنده اهمیت گویه‌ها از دیدگاه متخصصان بوده است. سپس چارچوب برنامه درسی سواد زیست محیطی مورد تأیید متخصصان، از طریق تعداد 108 نفر از دبیران زن و مرد، دروس زیست شناسی، شیمی و جغرافیای دوره متوسطه شهرستان آمل در سال تحصیلی 93-92 در قالب پرسشنامه، مورد نظرسنجی قرار گرفت. نتایج به دست آمده از طریق روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی، با استفاده از نرم‌افزار لیزرل مورد اعتبارسنجی قرار گرفت. نتایج اعتبارسنجی نشان دهنده برازش مناسب مدل پیشنهادی براساس آزمون خی دو (38/1062=2 و 000001/0P < /span>=)  و شاخص‌های خطای مجموع مجذورات میانگین (065/0 = RMSEA) و واریانس باقیمانده (054/0RMR=) بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Study of the Validation of the model of Interdisciplinary Curriculum of Environmental Literacy Teaching: regarding the Secondary Education System in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahboubeh Soleimanpour Omran 1
  • Mohammad H. Yarmohammadian 2
  • Narges Keshtiaray 3

چکیده [English]

The aim of this research is to study about the validation of the model of interdisciplinary curriculum of environmental literacy teaching of secondary education system in Iran. The research type is of descriptive-survey one. The proposed environmental literacy education framework is developed in the form of the four curriculum elements (objectives, content, teaching/learning methods and assessment) and the three components of environmental knowledge, skills, and environmental attitude. It is, then, offered to the environmental experts and curriculum developers. The results of binomial distribution test and one-group t-test, at the level of (P≤0.05) ,indicates the significance of items from the viewpoint of the experts of the field.  The confirmed environmental literacy curriculum framework is, then, assessed, in the form of a questionnaire; by 108 male and female teachers of biology, chemistry and geography in Amol city .the obtained results have been validated using confirmatory factor analysis. The results of validation suggest suitable fitness of the proposed model based on Chi-square test (P=0.000001) and X2=1062.38) and error indicators of the mean square error indicators (RMSEA=0.065) and residual variance (RMP=0.054).

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curriculum planning
  • disciplinary curriculum
  • Environmental literacy
  • Secondary school  

Ahmadi, P (2009). Interdisciplinary curriculum. Quarterly JournalInterdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities. first year, No. 3, 126-97. Amale saleh, E ; Abdoli, M; Karegran, R (2010). Examine the Nature of the Persian Book of Primary School. Journal of children's literature in the first, second edition, Fall and Winter 1389, pp. 123-102. Abdullahi,A. Sadeghi, H. (2012). needs assessments of environmental education in the elementary school student at Isfahan city. Journal - promoting environmental education and sustainable development,1: pp. 15-9. Dibaee, sh.& Lahijanyan, A. (2009). Reviews guidance school curriculum with emphasis environmental education. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 3:184-177. Environmental Education for a Sustainable Future. 2000. National action plan Commonwealth of Australia. (UNESCO)ISBN 0 642 546 66:3. In ternational Environmental educational, history, basic knowledge and training (1991). preparing and filing: academic education sector, vocational UNESCO.(F. Boroumand, Trans.). Tehran: Iranian National Commission for UNESCO. Hollweg, K. S., Taylor, J. R.,Bybee, R. W., Marcinkowski, T. J., McB eth, W. C., & Zoido, P. (2011). Developing a Framework for Assessing Environmental Literacy. Washington, DC: North American Association for Environmental Education(NAAEE). 122. 2000 P Street, N.W., Suite 540, Washington, D.C. 20036, USA. Hungerford, H, Peyton, R. B. & Wilke, R J (1980). 'Goals for Curriculum Development in Environmental Education', The Journal of Environmental Education, 11: 3, 42 — 47. Jurin.R,R ,D. E.,Danter, K. J. (2010)Environmental Communication: Skills and Principles for Natural Resource.2th edn,London: Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg, pp.45-50. Lonsdale M, McCurry D. (2004) Literacy in the new millennium. Australian Council for Educational Research .Department of Education, Science and Training (DEST) Australian government, Published Published by NCVER ,ISBN 1 920895 77 9. Khorsandi Taskouh, A. (2008). Discourse of Interdisciplinary Knowledge. Tehran: Institute of Social and Cultural Studies. Khanjar Kh, Z., Bakhtiar Nasrabadi, H. ebrahimi Dinani, A ( 2009). Introduction to the Necessary Status and Types of Interdisciplinary Studies in Higher Education. Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities, 1: pp. 186-167. Moharamnejad N., A. Heydari (2006) Developed A Management Model for Sustainable Development and Environmental Education for the Young Generation. Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 28: 77-68. Mehdizadeh M. F, MirDamadi S, Q (1388). Recognize the role of nature in educational spaces. Journal of Technology Education, 1: 46-37 Mahmoudi, Hossein; Veisi, H. (2005). Promote and Environmental Education the Principled Approach to Protecting the Environment. Quarterly Journal Environmental Sciences, 8:64-57. Rahadoust, b(1997) Literacy environment. Zibashenakht Journal, 17: 123-111. Mirdamadi, M., Esmaeili, S.,& Bagheri Varkaneh, A.A. (2008). study of high school students' interest in relation to environmental protection. Environmental Science journal 46: 39-21. Oguz D, Cakci I. Kavas S. 2010 .Environmental Awareness of University Students in Ankara, Turkey. African Journal of Agricultural Research.19: 2629-2636, 4 October, Available online at [http://www.academicjournals.org.] Ramsey, John M. , Hungerford, Harold R. and Volk, Trudi L.(1992) 'Environmental Education in the K-12 Curriculum: Finding a Niche', The Journal of Environmental Education, 23: 2, 35 - 45. Soleimanpour Omran M. .)2014. (The Effect of Educating Environmental Ethics on Behavior and Attitude to Environment Protection. European Online Journal of Natural and Social Sciences 2014;European Online Journal of Natural and SVol.3, No.3 Special Issue on Environmental, Agricultural, and Energy Science. SoleimanPour Omran, M. ، Yarmohammadian, M. H. ، Keshtiaray, N (2013). Integrated Approach; A Suitable Approach for Designing and Developing an Environmental litracy Curriculum in Higher Education System international journal of psychology and behavioral research. international journal of psychology and behavioral research.vol.,2(6),315-324. SoleimanPour Omran, M. Yarmohammadian, M. H. ، Keshtiaray, N (2013). Study of Ethical Issues in Environmental Education Approaches and Theories. Papers presented at the First Conference of the Association of Environmental Education and Sustainable Development in Iran, Tehran. Soleimanpour Omran M. .)2014 (.Synthesis based researches (Integrative Inquiry) of environmental education in terms of attention to the integrated and interdisciplinary curriculumJournal of Middle East Applied Science and Technology (JMEAST) ISSN (Online): 2305-0225 Issue 14(4) [Supplementary Part II], September 2014, pp. 636-641.ISSN 1805-3602 ,Scwww.european-science.comiences 2014;141-150. Shobeiri, M.; Sarmadi, M., Sharifian, Sh (2010). Needs Assessment and Priorities of Students and Teachers in the School Environment. Journal Environmental Science and Technology, No. 47143. Schlesinger ,William.H.(2004) "Environmental Education for a Sustainable Future ' Environmental Education & Communication, 3:2 75-77. Simmons , D. A .( 2010)"More Infusion Confusion:A Look at Environmental Education Curriculum Materials".The journal Environmental education, 20:4,14-18. Sarvestani A, A. Shah Wali, M. (2008). Quiddity and Environmental Ethics Perspective, with Emphasis on the Islamic perspective. Ethical Issues in Science and Technology, , No. 1 &2:59-72. Shayan, S. (2004).Formal Environmental Education In the Geography Curriculum Of Guidance and Secondary schools in iran. Magazine of Geography teaching Growth, 65: 9-3. Salimi, J., Maleki, H. (2010). Interdisciplinary Curriculum Design in Higher Education. Interdisciplinary Studies in the Humanities, No. 4, pp. 39-68. Taghiyeh, N. K, QltashAbbas, Fallahi, V (2011). Citizenship Education and Environmental Education. Citizenship Education Conference Proceedings, University of Marvdashat Spring 1390, pp. Uitto A, Juuti K, Lavonen J, Byman R, Meisalo V (2011). Secondary School Students Interests, Attitudes and Values Concerning School Science Related to Environmental Issues in Finland. Environmental Education Research, 2: 167 – 186. Van Petegem P , Blieck, A ,Van Ongevalle J (2007). Conceptions and Awareness Concerning Environmental Education: a Zimbabwean Case-Study in three Secondary Teacher Education colleges . Environmental Education Research . 3: 287 - 306. Volk, Trudi L. , Hungerford, H R. Tomera, Audrey N (1984) 'A National Survey of Curriculum Needs as Perceived by Professional Environmental Educators', The Journal of Environmental Education, 16: 1, 10 – 19. Winther, Austin A. Sadler, K C, Saunders, G (2010) The Inclusion of Environmental Education in Science Teacher Education: Approaches to Environmental Education", Part 1, 31-49. Yarmohammadian, M.H (2002). Principles of Curriculum Planning (curriculum planning nature of Philosophical, Psychological and Sociological, Program Evaluation, Program Analysis, program content or textbooks) (third edition). Tehran: Yadvareh Book press. Yarmohammadian, M.H., Foroughi, A.A., Jafari, E.,& Qltash, A (2008). Criticism of Curriculum in Progressive and Conservative Approaches to Citizenship Education. Quarterly Journal Of Science and Research Islamic Azad University, 17& 18: 48-27.