نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه تعلیم و تربیت، واحد خوراسگان (اصفهان) دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

2 ۲دانشجوی دکتری تخصصی برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی و تحلیل مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان استان آذربایجان شرقی و الزامات آن در برنامه درسی آنان انجام شده است. روش تحقیق توصیفی، از نوع پیمایشی بوده است. جامعه آماری دانش‌آموزان پسر و دختر ابتدایی و متوسطه تحصیلی است. نمونه آماری این پژوهش 800 نفر از دانش‌آموزان استان بوده که 320 نفر از آنها مربوط به مقطع ابتدایی، 480 نفر مربوط به مقطع متوسطه بوده است که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای انتخاب‌ شدند. ابزار اندازه‌‍‌گیری در این پژوهش، پرسشنامه سنجش مهارت‌های اجتماعی برای دانش‌آموزان و پرسشنامه سنجش مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان متوسطه به کار گرفته شده است. جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌هایT  مستقل، مانوا و تحلیل واریانس یکراهه استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد که تفاوت بین دانش‌آموزان دختر و پسر، مدارس دولتی، نمونه دولتی وغیر دولتی، مقاطع آموزشی، مناطق برخوردار، نیمه برخوردار وکم برخوردار در مهارت‌های اجتماعی و مؤلفه‌های آن از نظر آماری معنادار بوده است. مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان بر حسب طبقه اجتماعی، رشته تحصیلی و تحصیلات والدین آنها متفاوت بوده است. همچنین این تفاوت‌ها لزوم تجدید نظر در برنامه درسی و تغییر آن به منظور کسب مهارت‌های اجتماعی‌ که از اهداف برنامه‌های درسی است را ضروری می‌نماید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The analysis of social skills and its necessities in Curriculum: the case of students in Estern Azarbaijan

نویسندگان [English]

  • yassin tavakoli 1
  • Akbar soltanie 2

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research is to analyze the social skills and its necessities in curriculum focusing on students of Eastern Azerbaijan Province. The method of this study is of descriptive-survey type. The statistical population consists of male and female elementary and high school students. Being selected through multistage cluster random sampling, 800 students include the research sample, 320 elementary students and 480 high students. Social skill evaluation questionnaire has been applied as the data collecting instrument. Data, then, have been analyzed by means of Anova and Manova and an independent t-test. The results indicates that considering the social skills and their components ,there is a significant difference between girls and boys in public, semi-public, and private schools as well as  in enjoying , half enjoying and less enjoying  regions.  Students' social skills, also, have been meaningful different based on their social status, their major, and their parents' education. Such differences emphasizes the need to revise and change the curriculum so as students can acquire social skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curriculum
  • Social status
  • Educational districts
  • social skills

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