نویسندگان

1 1دانشیار گروه علوم‌ تربیتی دانشگاه شاهد ، تهران، ایران

2 2و 3دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه تعلیم‌وتربیت ،دانشگاه پیام نور ،تهران، ایران

3 3دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه تعلیم‌وتربیت ،دانشگاه پیام نور ،تهران، ایران

4 کارشناس ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه کاشان،کاشان ،ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، درصدد تبیین بازتولید فرهنگی ـ طبقاتی دانشگاهی برحسب مؤلفه‌های ناهمسوی برنامه درسی پنهان به ‌منظور ارائه ملاحظاتی کاربردی برای دانشگاه است. روش پژوهش توصیفی ـ تحلیلی بوده که طی آن از استنتاج مبتنی بر تحلیل مفاهیم و مفهوم‌پردازی مجدد، استفاده ‌شده است. جامعه پژوهش، مجموعه متون نظری مرتبط با عنوان پژوهش بوده که به کمک فرم فیش برداری، اطلاعات لازم استخراج  شده است. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان داد؛ مؤلفه‌های ناهمسوی برنامه‌های درسی پنهان آموزش عالی می‌توانند در تثبیت پایگاه و منزلت بازتولید فرهنگی ـ طبقاتی دانشجوی طبقه خاص مؤثر بوده و بالعکس در نومیدی از تغییر وضعیت کنونی برای دانشجویان طبقه‌های متوسط و پایین، مؤثر باشند. تبلور عینی این رخداد متأثر از مؤلفه‌های ناهمسوی برنامه درسی پنهان آموزش عالی در تعدادی از استنادهای پژوهشی مطالعه حاضر محسوس است. براین اساس؛ در پایان فهرستی از ملاحظات عملی نمونه در راستای ابعاد مختلف مؤلفه‌های ناهمسوی برنامه درسی پنهان موردتوجه واقع‌شده که از آن جمله می‌توان به برقراری عدالت آموزشی، تأکید بر روش‌های انتقادی و گفتگو محور، کاهش دیوان‌سالاری به منظور بروز قابلیت‌های طبقات مختلف در فعالیت‌های دانشگاهی (علمی، پژوهشی، فرهنگی، دانشجویی)، تأکید بر برنامه درسی چندفرهنگی، توجه به شیوه‌های کیفی به جای شیوه کمی در ارزشیابی، کاربرد و اجرای راهبردهای تدریس فعال و مشارکتی و تغییر در محیط‌های آموزشی اشاره نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explanation of the university social status and cultural reproduction with an emphasis on the opposite factors of the hidden curriculum: concerning the university applicable consideration design

نویسنده [English]

  • mehdi sobhani nejad 1

چکیده [English]

This study intended to explain the university social status and cultural reproduction for the purpose of the university applicable consideration based on the opposite factors of the hidden curriculum.  This research was carried out based on the analytic-descriptive method; during which deduction was according to context analysis and re-contextualization. The research population was consisted of those theoretical textbooks which were related to the purpose of the study. Data, then, were gathered using indexing forms.The findings showed that the opposite elements of hidden curriculum in high education could be effective in establishing the position and attitude of social status and cultural reproduction of the student of special classes; whereas, it could be effective in disappointing middle and low class students from changing their present situation and condition. This happening which is under the effect of the opposite factors of high education hidden curriculum is conspicuous in some of the present research documents. Hence, at the end, a list of the practical sample considerations on the different dimensions of the opposite factors of the hidden curriculum  is presented; among which are: making educational justice, emphasizing the critical and dialectic methods, decreasing the bureaucracy to display the capabilities of the different classes in the university activities (scientific, research, cultural, and student centered activities), emphasizing on the multicultural curriculum, focusing on the qualitative evaluation instead of quantities evaluation, applying active teaching strategies and changing the educational environments.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Cultural Reproduction
  • Educational inequality
  • hidden curriculum
  • High Education

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