نویسندگان

1 دکتری برنامه درسی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

2 استادیار دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار، واحد شهرکرد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، شهرکرد، ایران

4 راهبر آموزشی منطقه باغ بهادران، اصفهان،ایران

چکیده

یکی از اهداف تأسیس مدارس شبانه روزی، ایجاد فرصت‌های برابر آموزشی و پایبند به اجرای شعایراسلامی است. هدف این پژوهش، مقایسه مدارس شبانه روزی با عادی از منظر میزان پایبندی دانش‌آموزان به انجام شعایر اسلامی است. نوع پژوهش کاربردی و روش آن علی مقایسه‌ای است. جامعه آماری شامل 54961 نفر دانش‌آموز شبانه روزی و عادی در دوره‌های تحصیلی راهنمایی و متوسطه استان چهارمحال و بختیاری در سال 92 است. از طریق نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای طبق فرمول کوکران 520 نفر انتخاب گردید. ابزارگردآوری اطلاعات، پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود. برای تعیین روایی، از روایی محتوا زیر نظر متخصصان و روایی سازه استفاده گردید. اندازه KMO به منظور بررسی همبستگی درونی گویه‌ها 907/0 و پایایی پرسشنامه‌ها به روش آلفای کرونباخ 92/0 محاسبه شد. داده‌ها از طریق آزمون‌هایT  و ANOVA و با نرم افزار  SPSS 18 تحلیل شد. یافته‌ها نشان می‌دهد، بین میزان گرایش دانش‌آموزان مدارس شبانه‌روزی و عادی به اجرای شعایر اسلامی تفاوت معنادار وجود نداشت، اما در مقولات اجرای واجبات، نوافل و فعالیت‌های مذهبی و اجتماعی تفاوت وجود داشت و هر دوگروه خود را در اجرای واجبات نسبت به نوافل، مقیدتر دانستند. همچنین دانش‌آموزان دوره راهنمایی نسبت به دانش‌آموزان دوره متوسطه در اجرای شعایراسلامی مقیدتر بودند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparative study of boarding schools and ordinary ones: based on their fidelity to Islamic rites

چکیده [English]

Creating equal educational opportunities as well as students' fidelity to Islamic fundamentals has been one of the chief aims of establishing residential schools. The aim of this study is to compare the students’ fidelity to Islamic rites in Charmahal-o-Bakhtiari in 2013.Descriptive method has been used for this research. The statistical population of this research includes 54961 junior high school and high school students who study in both boarding and ordinary schools. Through randomly sampling, 520 of them are selected. A researcher- made questionnaire is used for collecting data. To determine the validity, both content and construct validities are applied. In order to check the internal consistency of items, KMO of the questionnaire has been calculated as 0.907. The questionnaire's reliability, also, using in Cranbach’s alpha has been measured as 0.92. Data have been analyzed with paired T-test, ANCOVA, and SPSS software 18th version .Based on the findings, no significant difference between the students’ tendency toward Islamic rites in the both groups is observed; however, there exists a significant difference considering their fidelity to perform obligatory actions, supererogatory actions, and social and religious activities. There is, also, a significant difference in students’ attitudes to perform the Islamic rites in guidance and high school students. The students in guidance school were more committed than students in high school

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Fidelity to the Islamic rites
  • Junior High school
  • High school education
  • Ordinary schools
  • Boarding schools

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