نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه ریزی درسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه آموزش پزشکی، مرکز تحقیقات آموزش پزشکی، مدیریت مطالعات و توسعه آموزش پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اصفهان(خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

4 استاد گروه جراحی مغز و اعصاب دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

امروزه آشنایی هرچه بیشتر مربیان و فراگیران با یافته‌های حاصل از علوم مغز و اعصاب که با فرایندهای یاددهی ـ یادگیری و تربیت مرتبط هستند، در جهت تربیت اثربخش انسان و رشد فکری او اجتناب ناپذیر می‌نماید. هدف از مرور نظام‌مند حاضر مشخص نمودن برخی بینش‌های حاصل از یافته‌های علوم مغز و اعصاب در جهت هرچه اثربخش کردن فرایندهای تربیتی و آموزشی بوده است. در مجموع با بهره‌گیری ازموتورهای جستجو و سایت‌های اینترنتی google scholar؛ SpringerLink  و ScienceDirect و با استفاده از کلید واژه‌های اصلی این تحقیق که عبارتند بودند از brain-based education  ؛  brain-based learning  و neuroeducation   و ترکیب آنها جستجوی اینترنتی انجام شد. تعداد 176 مقاله، کتاب و گزارش پژوهشی حاصل از جستجوی ترکیبی سه کلید واژه اصلی فوق یافت شد. از این تعداد 100 مقاله ، کتاب و گزارش پژوهشی وارد مطالعه مروری شدند. سپس با توجه به میزان مرتبط بودن به دو دسته مرتبط و غیرمرتبط تقسیم شده و نهایتاً 41 مقاله و کتاب و گزارش پژوهشی از آنها گزینش نهایی شده، سپس مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. از مجموع مقالات بررسی شده، تعدادی بینش‌های اساسی به دست آمد، که پس از حذف موارد تکراری و ادغام برخی موارد، یافته‌های ارائه شده در قسمت نتایج حاصل شد. بیشترین مورد بینش ذکرشده در مقالات بررسی شده، بینش‌های مبتنی بر بحث «انعطاف پذیری مغز» بود. بهبود در فهم مبانی عصب شناختی یادگیری می‌تواند در کامل شدن و مستفیذ شدن اعضای جامعه که می‌توانند با انعطاف پذیری به تغییر در شرایط زندگیشان پاسخ دهند، کمک کند. با توجه به ضرورت همکاری و مشارکت دست اندرکاران تعلیم و تربیت و متخصصان علوم مغز و اعصاب، بایستی درصدد یک گفتمان میان رشته‌ای جدی برآمده، تا به کمک هم بتوانند بسیاری از مسائل مربوط به حیطه تعلیم و تربیت و یادگیری بشر را حل نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The fundamental insights derived from the findings of Neurological sciences for education: a systematic review of international documents

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Baratali 1
  • Alireza Yousefy 2
  • Narges Keshtiaray 3
  • Masih Saboori 4

چکیده [English]

Nowadays, more and more educators and learners are familiar with the processes and results of Neurology Teaching - Learning and education are related to effective education and intellectual development of man he seems inevitable. The purpose of this systematic review was to determine some insights resulting from the findings of Neurology of the more effective educational and training processes. In general, search engines and websites using google scholar SpringerLink and ScienceDirect using the main keywords of this research were to include brain-based education brain-based learning and neuroeducation Internet search was performed and their combination. 176 articles, books and research reports from the main search keywords were found in the combination of the three. Of these 100 articles, books and research reports were reviewed for this study. Then according to the relevance of related and unrelated divided into two categories and Finally, 41 articles, books, research reports and the final selection was then analyzed. The total number of articles reviewed, a number of fundamental insights obtained after removing duplicates and merge some cases, the findings presented in the results obtained. Most of the literature reviewed above vision, vision-based discussion of "brain flexibility" was. Improve the understanding of the neurological foundations of learning can Mstfyz completed and the members of the community can respond flexibly to changes in their living conditions, help. Considering the cooperation of those involved in education and science specialists in neurosurgery, should seek an outcome of a serious interdisciplinary dialogue Also able to help with many issues related to pedagogy and human learning to solve.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Keywords: Brain-based Education
  • Neuroeducation
  • brain-based learning

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