نویسندگان

1 1دانشجوی دکتری فلسفه تعلیم و تربیت، پژوهشگاه حوزه و دانشگاه ، قم، ایران

2 2دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش در پی تقویت ادبیات کاربردی و ارائه نمونه محاسباتی عینی سنجش سطح خوانایی، کتاب‌های درسی است. این مقاله از معرفی صرف روش‌های موجود فراتر رفته و به طور نمونه، سطح خوانایی کتاب‌های بخوانیم چهارم و پنجم ابتدایی را با انواع روش‌های رایج بین المللی محاسباتی سطح خوانایی از جمله؛ فلش، فرای، گانینگ، مک لافلین، پاور سامنر کرل و فلش کینکید، محاسبه نموده تا در مقایسه نتایج حاصل از روش‌ها به اعتبار سنجی روش‌های مذکور اقدام نماید. روش پژوهش تحلیلی و از نوع پژوهش ارزشیابانه بوده است. نتایج نشان داد؛ نتایج روش‌های فلش و فرای همسویی داشت به طوری که هر دو روش، کتاب‌های مورد بررسی را مناسب با همان پایه تعیین نمودند.روش‌های گانینگ و مک لافلین در نتایج هر دو پایه، همسویی دارند به طوری که هر دو، کتاب بخوانیم پایه چهارم را مناسب پایه اول راهنمایی و کتاب بخوانیم پایه پنجم را مناسب پایه سوم راهنمایی، تعیین نمودند. دو روش پاور سامنر کرل و فلش کینکید، قابلیت تفکیک پذیری کمتری داشته به طوری که روش پاور سامنر کرل هر دو کتاب چهارم و پنجم را مناسب پایه دوم راهنمایی و روش فلش کینکید نیز هر دو کتاب را مناسب پایه اول دبیرستان، معرفی نمود. بر این اساس روش‌های؛ فلش و فرای بیشترین همسویی را با کاربرد کتاب‌های کنونی درسی بخوانیم چهارم و پنجم ابتدایی داشته‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Validation methods to measure textbooks readability

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohammad ebrahim ghaderi moghaddam 1
  • mehdi sobhani nejad 2

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to strengthen the applied literature and present the objective computational sample of measure textbooks readability. This article is more than introducing existing methods. Measuring textbooks readability of the fourth and fifth grade of elementary schools reading books have been done by using the international prevalent computing methods of readability like: Flesch, Fry, Gunning, McLaughlin, Flesch–Kincaid, Powers-Sumner-Kearl to compare the results of these different methods then the validity of them was done. It is an analytical research in the type of evaluation. The findings showed that results of Flesch and Fry methods were similar and in both methods evaluated books were in accordance with their grades of elementary schools. The results of Gunning and McLaughlin methods in both grades of elementary schools were similar and they determined that “Reading Book” of the fourth grade is suitable for the first grade of the junior school and “Reading Book” of the fifth grade is suitable for the third grade of the junior school. The Powers-Sumner-Kearl and Flesch–Kincaid methods had less resolution as Powers-Sumner-Kearl method showed that both books in the fourth and fifth grades are appropriate for the second grade of junior school and the Flesch–Kincaid method illustrated that they are both appropriate for the first grade of high school. Therefore the Flesch and Fry methods have been the most coordinate with the current educational “Reading books” in the fourth and fifth grades of elementary school.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Content Analysis
  • readability
  • Textbook

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