نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

2 آموزش و پرورش

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر به تحلیل محتوای کتاب مطالعات اجتماعی ششم ابتدایی و شناخت ویژگی‌های کتاب بر اساس مؤلفه‌های سند تحول بنیادین می‌پردازد. جامعه اول تحقیق، کتاب تعلیمات اجتماعی ششم و واحد تحلیل جمله و جامعه دوم تعداد 30 نفر از معلمان ششم ابتدایی بخش مرکزی کازرون به صورت تمام شماری بود. روش تحقیق توصیفی از نوع تحلیل محتوا بود. ابزار پژوهش پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بر اساس سه مقوله فوق و سیاهه تحلیل محتوا بود. برای محاسبه پایایی و روایی از آلفای کرونباخ با 85/0 وروایی محتوایی استفاده شد؛ درمجموع با استفاده از آزمون خی دو نتایج زیر حاصل شد: از دید معلمان، کتاب اجتماعی ششم در سطح متوسطی (43 %) به مؤلفه هویت ملی، در سطح پایین‌تر از متوسط با ( 36%) به مؤلفه آداب و مهارت‌های زندگی و در سطح متوسطی (50%) به مؤلفه اخلاق در نظام اجتماعی پرداخته است. در تحلیل محتوا، از میان مقوله‌های هویت ملی به ویژگی‌های جغرافیایی با (23 % ) بیشترین توجه و به نماد ملی و اسطوره ملی به ترتیب با (5/15% و 07%)  کمترین توجه شده است. از میان مقوله‌های آداب و مهارت‌های زندگی به تصمیم گیری بیشترین توجه (49%) و به تفکر انتقادی ومقابله با استرس با (06% و 5% ) درصد به  ترتیب کمترین توجه شده است. از میان مقوله‌های اخلاق در نظام اجتماعی به میهن دوستی بیشترین توجه (32%) و به عدالت جویی (13%) کمترین توجه شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Content Analysis of Sixth Grade Social Studies Text Book Based on the Elements of the Fundamental Reform Document of Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • alireza ghasemizad 1
  • fatemeh asadollahi 2

چکیده [English]

Present research has done by using content analysis in intellectual type of stories to show how philosophy for kids can achive its main goals, fostering critical thinking, in the stories which are in children's literature. As much as possible, the researcher tried to choose well-known stories for audiences and acceptable for critics, experts and writers of kids and teenagers literature and the movement of teaching philosophy for Children. For example Morteza Khosro nejad, Yahya Ghaedi’s ideas have been used and to improve the philosophic level of stories, Mir Abdelhosien Naghib zadeh’s idea has been used too. Purposive sampling is used for sample size. Studing stories stopped when researcher found out the repetitive points. The texts of stories were the analysis unit. The findings showed that the stories have the potential of developing critical thinking in their readers adequately and beautifully. Therefore, studying and discussing these stories by kids and teenagers can help the program of “philosophy for kids” and reaching better results.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Children's literature
  • philosophy for children program
  • critical thinking
  • story

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