نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

2 استادتمام گروه تعلیم و تربیت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه ریاضی دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران.

4 دانشیار گروه تعلیم و تربیت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

5 استادیار گروه تعلیم و تربیت دانشگاه تربیت مدرس، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش اصلاح تعدادی از بدفهمی‌های دانشی و باوری اثرگذار در حل مسئله ریاضی دانش‌آموزان سوم ابتدایی بر مبنای برخی دلالت‌های تربیتی مطرح در آموزش ریاضی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کلیه دانش‎آموزان سوم ابتدایی یکی از مدارس منطقه 3 تهران بود که پس از برگزاری آزمون‌های تشخیصی، 9 دانش‌آموز با نمونه‌گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند. برای انجام این پژوهش از یک ابزار تشخیصی محقق ساخته، مصاحبه نیمه ساختاریافته، آزمون حافظه فعال وکسلر4  و داستان‌های محقق ساخته استفاده شد. روایی ابزارهای محقق ساخته با تأیید صاحب‌نظران و پایایی آزمون محقق ساخته با روش بازآزمایی و ضریب همبستگی 0.87 مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. تحلیل داده‌ها با کمک آزمون ویلکاکسون و از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS19 انجام شد. آزمون ویلکاکسون تفاوت معنی‌داری را در نمره درک مفهوم و اصلاح بدفهمی‌های دانشی نشان داد. همچنین تحلیل مصاحبه‌ها نشان‌دهنده تغییر باور دانش‎آموزان نسبت به عوامل اثرگذار در موفقیت آن‌ها است. استفاده از گام‎های بازنمایی عینی، نیمه تجسمی و انتزاعی در دانش‎آموزان با حافظه فعال قوی و متوسط و گام‎های بازنمایی عینی، نیمه تجسمی و  درک مسئله با کمک رسم شکل در دانش‎آموزان ضعیف می‌تواند به اصلاح برخی بدفهمی‌های دانشی در درک مسئله کمک نماید و استفاده از منابع باوری "خود"، "دیگری" و "استنتاج" می‌تواند بدفهمی‌های باوری دانش آموزان را تغییر دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Reform some third-grade student's misconception & incorrect belief basis on Gagné's and Schönefeld's Problem-solving frameworks.

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sepideh Noruzi 1
  • Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi 2
  • Ebrahim Reyhani 3
  • Hashem Fardanesh 4
  • Mohsen Imani 5

1 PhD student of curriculum development, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Full professor of curricumum studies, Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of Curriculum Planning, Rajaei University,Tehran, Iran.

4 Associate Professor of Curriculum studies, Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

5 Assistant professor of curricumum studies, Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this Study was modify some of misconceptions and incorrect beliefs about mathematics in third grade students based on some educational implications. The statistic population included all third grade students’ of one school in district 3 of Tehran.  The Sample was comprised of 9 third grade students, based on their pre-test results. Measurement instruments consisted of one researcher-made test, two semi-structured interview, Wechsler intelligence scale for children (IV) and researcher-made stories. Construct and content validity of questionnaire and stories were established by some specialists and experts. Reliability was verified by test-retest and Pearson correlation coefficient was (0.87). The Wilcoxson was used to data analysis through SPSS19 and it revealed a statistically significant difference in between pre-test and post-test. It means, our intervention was successful to improve students’ misconceptions. In addition, interview analysis acknowledged some changes in students’ beliefs about effective factors in success. Using objective, semi-objective and abstract representation in students with high and average working memory and objective, semi-objective representation and drawing pictures by students with weak working memory can help to improve some misconception, and using believe sources like self, others and deductioncan improve incorrect beliefs.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Incorrect belief
  • Mathematical misconception
  • problem solving
  • Schoenfeld
  • Gange

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