نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تنکابن، تنکابن، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی تأثیر آموزش‌های در سایه و سبک فرزندپروری والدین بر اضطراب ریاضی دانش‌آموزان دبیرستانی استان مازندران انجام شد. جامعة آماری شامل 48545 نفر از دانش‌آموزان مقطع دبیرستان استان مازندران بود. با توجه به جدول کرجسی و مورگان تعداد 380 نفر نمونه تعیین گردید، لذا برای اطمینان از معرف بودن نمونه برای جامعه و تناسب آن با گروه‌های مختلف تعداد 500 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی- طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. روش پژوهش حاضر توصیفی و ابزارهای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، دو پرسشنامه استاندارد شیوه‌های فرزندپروری دیانا بامریند (1973) و اضطراب ریاضی شکرانی (1381) بود و پرسشنامه آموزش در سایه برگرفته از مبانی نظری و پیشینه خارجی طرح است که روایی آن مورد تأیید متخصصان بوده و پایایی سه پرسشنامه به ترتیب 72/0، 92/0 و 72/0 به دست آمد. به‌منظور تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS از آزمون T مستقل، تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه و دوراهه استفاده شد. نتایج حاصل از پژوهش نشان داد که افرادی که از آموزش در سایه استفاده کرده‌اند، اضطراب ریاضی کمتری را تجربه کرده‌اند و همچنین اثر سبک فرزندپروری نیز بر اضطراب ریاضی دانش‌آموزان معنادار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Shadow Educations and Parenting Styles on Mathematical Anxiety among High School Students

نویسنده [English]

  • zohreh shakibaei

Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University ,Tonkabon,Iran

چکیده [English]

This study was done to investigate the effect of shadow educations and parenting styles and mathematical anxiety among high school students in Mazandaran province. The statistical community includes 48545 high school students. 380 students were chosen as samples, due to the community numbers in Morgan table, but 500 ones were selected as samples for certainty to the community and coordination to other different groups, by random classified sampling method. The research was a kind of descriptive and Diand Bamrin,s Parenting style Inventory(1973), mathematical anxiety (Shokrani, 2002) and shadow education questionnaires were applied to collect the data. The validity of questionnaires confirmed by educational experts and reliability calculated:./72,./92,./72. For data analysis, the independent T, one way and two ways variance Analysis were used by SPSS software. The results indicated that students who applied shadow education experienced less mathematical anxiety and the effect of parenting style on math anxiety was meaningful.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • shadow educations
  • Parenting styles
  • mathematical anxiety

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