نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی آموزش از دور، دانشگاه پیام نور تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

3 استاد، علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز تهران، تهران، ایران.

4 استاد، علوم تربیتی،دانشگاه پیام نور مرکز تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی انطباق برنامه درسی نظام یادگیری الکترونیکی دانشگاه پیام نور با اصول پیشنهادی رویکرد سازنده گرایی از دیدگاه استادان و دانشجویان این دانشگاه به روش توصیفی - پیمایشی انجام گرفت. حجم جامعه 1987 استاد و 19882 دانشجویان قطب‌های الکترونیکی دانشگاه پیام نور در سال تحصیلی 96-95 بودند. با استفاده از فرمول حجم نمونه‌گیری کوکران تعداد 320 استاد و تعداد 375 دانشجو با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه محقق ساخته انطباق برنامه درسی نظام یادگیری الکترونیکی با اصول پیشنهادی رویکرد سازنده گرایی در چهار عنصر (هدف، محتوا، راهبردهای یاددهی- یادگیری و ارزشیابی) با 41 گویه بر اساس طیف 5 درجه‌ای لیکرت بود. برای تعیین انطباق برنامه درسی نظام یادگیری الکترونیکی با رویکرد سازنده گرایی از روایی صوری و محتوایی و برای برآورد پایایی پرسشنامه از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد که پایایی آن 86 /0 محاسبه شد. داده‌های گردآوری شده از پرسشنامه با استفاده از نرم‌افزار Spss21 و با استفاده از آزمون‌هایتی تک نمونه‌ای و تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره، مورد تجزیه‌وتحلیل قرار گرفتند. نتایج نشان داد که در هر 4 عنصر ذکر شده، میانگین پاسخ‌های دانشجویان و استادان، کمتر از حد متوسط بوده و معنادار نیست و برنامه درسی نظام یادگیری الکترونیکی دانشگاه پیام نور با اصول پیشنهادی رویکرد سازنده گرایی انطباق ندارد. طبق نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره تفاوت معناداری بین دیدگاه استادان و دانشجویان قطب‌های الکترونیکی دانشگاه پیام نور در چهار مؤلفه برنامه درسی وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigation of the adaptation of E-Learning system curriculum with concepts of the constructivist approach from viewpoints of Payme Noor university lecturers and Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Tayebeh Dastanpoor 1
  • Hasan Karamalian 2
  • Mohammad reza Sarmadi 3
  • Mehran Farajolahi 4

1 PhD student , Planning distance education, University of Payam Noor, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Education , University of Payam Noor, Isfahan, Iran

3 professor ,Department of Educational Science, Payam Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

4 professor ,Department of Educational Science, Payam Noor University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The present study is to investigate the adaptation of the e-learning system curriculum with the principles of constructivist approach from the perspectives of faculty members and undergraduate at PNU. The research method was descriptive-survey. The population consisted of 1987 faculty members and 19882 students of the PNU e-poles in academic years of 2016-2017. Based on the Cochran's sample size formula, 320 faculty members and 375 students were randomly selected using the simple random method. The data were collected using a researcher-developed questionnaire, designed to adapt the curriculum of e-learning system with the constructivist approach in four elements (goal, content, teaching-learning strategies, and evaluation). The face and content validates were measured to find the adaptation level of the e-learning system curriculum with the principles of the constructivist approach. In addition, the reliability of the questionnaire was assessed using the Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α = 0.86). The data were analyzed by a quantitative method using the one sample t-test and the multivariate analysis of variance. Accordting on the one sample t-test results, however, in all four elements related to the curriculum of the e-learning system, the mean of students and faculty members’ responses was less than average and pronounced as insignificant. Thus, the curriculum of the PNU e-learning system was not proposed to be adopted with the constructivist principles. In addition, the results from the multivariate analysis illustrated that there is no significant difference in all four curriculum principles between the viewpoints of the faculty members and the students at PNU.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • PNU
  • e-learning
  • Constructivism
  • Curriculum

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