نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در این پژوهش به روش تحلیل محتوا، به تعیین میزان مسئله‌محوری و درگیری فعال فراگیران با کتاب‌های فارسی، مطالعات اجتماعی، قرآن و کار و فناوری سال 1394 پایه ششم دبستان بر اساس تکنیک ویلیام رومی پرداخته شده است؛ که به‌صورت سرشماری تمام محتوای متون، پرسش‌ها و تصاویر هر چهارکتاب مورد تحلیل قرار گرفت. در تحلیل متن، سؤالات و تصاویر کتاب مطالعات اجتماعی به ترتیب 978، 139 و 215 واحد مورد بررسی قرار گرفت که ضریب درگیری دانش‌آموز با متن، سؤالات و تصاویر به ترتیب 22/0، 17/1 و 08/0 محاسبه گردید. نتایج نشان داد فقط سؤالات در میزان تعیین‌شده تکنیک مذکور که گستره‌ای بین 4/0 تا 5/1 است که مبین فعّال بودن سؤالات است. در کتاب قرآن، در تحلیل متن، سؤالات و تصاویر، به ترتیب 610، 404 و 41 واحد مورد بررسی قرار گرفت که ضریب درگیری دانش‌آموز با متن، سؤالات و تصاویر به ترتیب 03/0، 6/0 و 07/0 محاسبه شد که فقط پرسش‌های کتاب در گسترة تعیین شده رومی قرار دارد. در تحلیل متن، سؤالات و تصاویر، در کتاب فارسی نیز به ترتیب 850، 108 و 44 واحد مورد بررسی واقع شد که ضریب درگیری دانش‌آموز با متن، سؤالات و تصاویر به ترتیب 03/0، 72/2 و 1/0 است که فقط سؤالات در میزان تعیین‌شده رومی، قرار دارد و درنهایت نتیجه تحلیل متن، سؤالات و تصاویر، کتاب کار و فناوری به تعداد 677، 132 و 183 واحد نشان داد که ضریب درگیری دانش‌آموز با متن، سؤالات و تصاویر به ترتیب 9/0، 3/2 و 2/1 است که هر سه، در گستره تعیین‌شده تکنیک رومی، است. در قسمت پرسش‌ها، در هر چهارکتاب ضریب درگیری یادگیرندگان با پرسش‌ها، نشان‌دهندة میزان درگیری بیش‌ازحد تعیین‌شده تکنیک یاد شده است. نتیجه تحلیل حاکی از این بود که متون و تصاویر این سه کتاب به‌صورت غیرفعال تنظیم شده است. درصورتی‌که نتایج تحلیل کتاب کار و فناوری، فعال بودن هر سه بخش متن، پرسش و تصویر را تأیید می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Content analysis of business and technology, Social studies, Persian and Quran sixth grade books based on WiLiam Romey technique

نویسنده [English]

  • marzieh dehghani

Assistant Professor, University of Tehran, Tehran , Iran

چکیده [English]

Textbook is the most important sources for learning, particularly in centralized educational systems. Therefore, in this study, content analysis method is used to determine problem centered and active involvement of learners in newly compilation Persian, social studies, Quran, and business and technology sixth grade books, year 1391 based on William Romey techniques. According to this analysis, three components of student involvement in "text", "questions" and "image" of the book is considered. In the analysis of text, questions and images of social studies book, 978, 139 and 215 units were studied and rate of student involvement with text, questions and images are calculated 0.03, 0.6 and 0.07. Results showed that only questions are in the technique determined range from 0.4 to 1.5 and this explains activeness of questions. In the Quran book, the analysis of text, questions and images, 610, 404 and 41 units were studied and rate of student involvement with text, questions and images were calculated 0.03, 2.72 and 0.1. Only questions were in the specified Romey range. In text, questions and images analysis in the Persian book 850,108 and 44 units were studied and rate of student involvement with text, questions and images were calculated 0.03, 2.72 and 0.1. Only questions were in the specified Romey range. In the analysis of text, questions and images of business and technology book, 677, 132 and 183 units were studied and rate of student involvement with text, questions and images were calculated 0.9, 2.3 and 1.2 and all three items were in Romey range. Rate of learner’s involvement with question s in all four books showed over limit involvement, in other words questions in all book contents were active.  Content analysis of texts and images in Persian, social studies and Quran books showed that these books images and texts were adjusted inactively. Content analysis of business and technology book show activeness in test, question and image.  

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Content Analysis
  • Persian
  • Social Studies
  • Quran
  • business and technology
  • William Romey
  • active methods
  • involvement factor

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