نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی، گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از انجام این پژوهش طراحی برنامه درسی پژوهش‌محور علوم تجربی پایه ششم و سپس ارزشیابی آن از دیدگاه متخصصان برنامه درسی و معلمان ذی‌ربط است. روش پژوهش توصیفی-زمینه‌یابی است. جامعه آماری شامل معلمان پایه ششم شهرستان اسفراین (130 نفر) و متخصصان برنامه درسی استان خراسان شمالی و رضوی (40 نفر) است که به شیوه سرشماری مورد مطالعه قرار گرفت. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از روش کتابخانه‌ای و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته شامل 40 گویه در چهار بخش هدف، محتوا، روش‌های تدریس و ارزشیابی بهره گرفته شد. روایی پرسشنامه توسط متخصصان تأیید و پایایی از طریق آلفای کرونباخ 98 درصد به دست آمد. محقق برای طراحی برنامه ابتدا به مطالعه پیشینه و مستندات موجود درزمینة موضوع تحقیق پرداخته و بر اساس اطلاعات به دست آمده برنامه را طراحی و سپس جهت ارزیابی، آن را در قالب پرسشنامه در اختیار پاسخ‌گویان قرار داده است. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزار SPSS و آمار توصیفی (جدول فراوانی و درصد) و استنباطی (آزمون خی‌دو) استفاده شد. از جمله نتایج به‌دست‌آمده در این پژوهش، ویژگی‌هایی برای عناصر چهارگانه برنامه درسی (هدف، محتوا، روش‌های تدریس و ارزشیابی) پژوهش‌محور علوم تجربی پایه ششم بوده است که مورد تأیید متخصصان و معلمان ذی‌ربط قرار گرفته است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing the curriculum based on inquiry of the sixth grade elementary experimental science

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Ejadi 1
  • Maryam Seifnaraghi 2
  • Ezatolah Naderi 2

1 Ph.D. student of curriculum planning, Department of Educational Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Full Professor, Department of Educational Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study is to design the experimental science curriculum of sixth grade elementary school using inquiry-based approach and its evaluation from the perspective of curriculum specialists and relevant teachers. This study is applied research which is done according to Descriptive-Survey method. The population of study includes all sixth grade teachers of Esfarayen city (130 people) and curriculum specialists of North and Razavi Khorasan state (40 people) which are studied by census manner. To collect the data, library method and a researcher-made questionnaire includes 40 questions in four sections: objective, content, teaching methods and evaluation are used. The validity confirmed by specialists and reliability through Cronbach's alpha was 98%. Researcher for designing the program studies the history and documentation on the matter research. And based on the obtained information, designs the program and then put it in the form of a questionnaire to the respondents. To analyze the data, SPSS software and descriptive statistics (frequency tables and percentage) and inferential statistics (Chi-square test) are used. Some obtained results in this study are features of four elements (goal, content, teaching methods and evaluation) of the research-based curriculum of sixth grade experimental science which is approved with Specialists and concerned teachers.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curriculum
  • sixth grade
  • Inquiry Based
  • Designing the Curriculum
  • Experimental Science

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