نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علوم پزشکی خراسان شمالی، ایران.

2 استاد مرکز تحقیقات مراقبت مبتنی بر شواهد، گروه داخلی و جراحی، دانشکده پرستاری و مامایی، گروه آموزش پزشکی دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی مشهد، مشهد، ایران.

چکیده

اخیراً راهبرد مشکل‌محوری برای بازنگری برنامه درسی پرستاری مورد توجه دانشکده‌های پرستاری قرار گرفته است. هدف از انجام این مطالعه، تعیین نحوه پیاده‌سازی راهبرد مشکل محوری در برنامه درسی لیسانس پرستاری آمریکا، کانادا و استرالیا و ارائه راهکارهای پیشنهادی برای عملیاتی کردن آن در برنامه درسی کارشناسی پرستاری ایران است. این مطالعه تطبیقی به کمک الگوی بردی و به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند بر رویده دانشکده پرستاری برتر از سه کشور آمریکا، استرالیا و کانادا انجام شد. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، 5 مرحله اجرای راهبرد مشکل‌محوری بر اساس چک‌لیست 29 سؤالی طراحی شده در مطالعة چنگیز و همکاران (2006) بود. اعتبار اسناد و مدارک جمع‌آوری شده از طریق نقد درونی و نقد بیرونی بررسی شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها نیز بر اساس الگوی بردی انجام شد. بر اساس نحوه پیاده‌سازی این راهبرد، راهکارهای مناسب برای پیاده‌سازی راهبرد مشکل محوری در کوریکولوم پرستاری ایران از طریق روش‌های یاددهی و یادگیری، روش‌های ارزشیابی- اهداف دروس و واحدها بر اساس ریسکفاکتورها و مشکلات جامعه و وجود واحد سیاست‌های سلامتی است. لذا استفاده از تجارب دانشکده پرستاری برتر دنیا در ارائه راهبرد مشکل‌محوری و بومی‌سازی آن‌ها می‌تواند به سبب ارتقای برنامه درسی کارشناسی پرستاری در ایران گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A comparative study on Nursing curriculum in American, Canadian, Australian nursing Based on problem- based strategy and proposed way for applying it in Iranian nursing curriculum

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Khorashadizadeh 1
  • Hosien Karimi 2

1 North khorasan University of medical science, Iran.

2 MSN, MMedEd and Ph.D. | Professor | Mashhad University of Medical sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Recently, Problem- based strategy had used for revising nursing curriculum. The aim of the present study was to identify how the problem- based strategy has applied in nursing curriculum in America, Canada and Australia and proposed methods for applying it in Iranian nursing curriculum.This comparative study was done according to Beredy’s model: Description, interpretation, juxtaposition, and comparison. The population was the documentation of world nursing colleges. The samples were totally 10 colleges of 3 countries: USA, Australia, and Canada who were selected by purposive sampling. Inclusion criteria was applying problem- based strategy in B.A. nursing curriculum. Data collection instrument was checklist problem- based which developed by Changiz & et al (2006). Nursing curriculum in these countries, were retrieved through their publications, books, Internet, their Sites and communicating electronically. Validity of these documents assessed by internal validity and critique the external validity were reviewed. Data analysis was performed according to Beredy’s model. Based on applying this strategy, proposed methods for applying student- center strategy are to pay attention on teaching, learning and evaluation methods, developing lessons goals based on risk factors and community problem and developing health policy course.Attention to ways for applying problem- based strategy in nursing curriculum can promote Iranian nursing curriculum.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Bredey’s Model
  • Curriculum undergraduate
  • Problem- based strategy
  • Nursing

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