نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری علوم کتابداری و اطلاع رسانی - رئیس اداره کتابخانه و مرکز اسناد و امور بانوان سازمان پژوهش و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، ایران.

2 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه درسی دانشگاه خوارزمی- کارشناس مسئول سازمان پژوهش و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، تهران، ایران.

3 استادیار برنامه درسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل محتوای کتاب‌های درسی مطالعات علوم اجتماعی دوره دوم ابتدایی بر اساس مؤلفه‌های آموزش چندفرهنگی انجام‌ گرفته است. جامعة آماری این پژوهش کتاب‌های درسی علوم اجتماعی دوره دوم ابتدایی شامل پایه‌های چهارم، پنجم و ششم است که درواقع نمونه با جامعه برابر است. در این پژوهش از دو روش کیفی و کمی استفاده گردید. در روش کیفی از تحلیل محتوای کیفی برای شناسایی ابعاد نظری آموزش چند فرهنگی از منظر جنسیت، معلولیت، قومیت، فرهنگ، عدالت اجتماعی و صلح مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. در تحلیل کمی با روش تحلیل محتوای پنج موضوع اصلی یعنی جنسیت، قومیت، معلولیت، ارزش‌های جهانی و فرهنگ و زیرمؤلفه‌های آن بررسی و موارد مرتبط در کتاب درسی مطالعات علوم اجتماعی شناسایی گردید. روایی پژوهش دارای شرایط هال و هوتون است. این پژوهش دارای نتایج متعدد بود اما یکی از نتایج حاصل از تجزیه‌وتحلیل نشان می‌دهد که افراد ناتوان و معلول و مردم با قومیت‌های مختلف به‌اندازه کافی در کتاب‌های درسی علوم اجتماعی نشان داده نشده‌اند و میزان توجه به ارزش‌های چند فرهنگی نیز بسیار اندک گزارش می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

a content analysis of social Science Textbooks of 4th, 5th, 6th grades within the items of multicultural education

نویسندگان [English]

  • akram Eini 1
  • Hamid yazdani 2
  • Alireza Sadeghi 3

1 Organization for Educational Research and Planning (Ministry of Education), Iran.

2 (PhD student‏), Organization for Educational Research and Planning (Ministry of Education), Tehran, Iran.

3 assistant professor of Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The Aim of This study was to analysis the content of social science textbooks of 4th, 5th, 6th grades on items of multicultural education in the Field of education. The study population comprised of social science textbooks of 4th, 5th, 6th grades so the sample is equal to the population. In this research a mixed method has been used and both qualitative and quantitative content analyses have been applied. In qualitative content analysis identify the theoretical aspects of multicultural education from gender, disability, ethnicity, culture, social justice and peace were examined. In quantitative content analysis five mainthemes, namely gender, ethnicity, disability, universal values and culture and its sub-themes in these textbooks were reviewed and related themes in social science textbooks were identified. This study satisfies the reliability conditions of Hall and Houten. This research had multiple results.One of the results of the analysis showed that people with disabilities and people from different ethnicity have been represented insufficiently in Social Science textbooks. And very little attention to multicultural values are reported.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • multicultural education
  • Content Analysis
  • Social science textbooks
  • Elementary education
  • 4-6 grades

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