نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد فلسفه تعلیم وتربیت، دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران.

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شاهد، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

در پژوهش حاضر، مبانی معرفت‌شناختی ارزشیابی در دورة پست‌مدرن در چهار رویکرد برجسته معرفت‌شناسی این دوره در حوزه ارزشیابی: رویکرد ساختن‌گرایی، هرمنوتیک، انتقادی (مشارکتی) و التقاطی، مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. روش انجام پژوهش تحلیلی - اسنادی بوده است. به‌منظور گردآوری داده‌های لازم برای پاسخ‌گویی به سؤالات پژوهش کلیه اسناد موجود و مرتبط با موضوع با استفاده از فرم گردآوری داده‌ها جمع‌آوری و مورد تحلیل قرار گرفته است. عمده‌ترین یافته‌ها با توجه به سؤال‌های پژوهش عبارت‌اند از معرفت‌شناختی ارزشیابی پست‌مدرن، مبتنی بر روش‌های انتقادی و مشارکتی توأم با روش‌های کمی و کیفی است؛ و سرانجام نتایج این پژوهش اینکه، ارزشیابی ترکیبی باشد که: به تمامی دیدگاه‌های معرفت‌شناسانه در حوزه ارزشیابی توجه شود؛ همه نقاط قوّت الگوهای ارزشیابی مدنظر قرار گیرد؛ به تفاوت‌های فردی، نژادی، منطقه جغرافیایی و فرهنگی با تأکید بر نیازهای کنونی و اهداف و شرایط مطلوب آینده ارزشیابی بر مبنای معرفت‌شناسی آن، توجه شود؛ به جنبه‌های عاطفی و انگیزشی و اعتقادی فراگیران اهمیت داده شود، زیرا عامل محرکه برای فرایند یاددهی- یادگیری و پویایی آموزش می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Examine the philosophical foundations of evaluation epistemology in education in post modern age

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ghader Faraghi 1
  • Mohsen Farmahini Farahani 2

1 M.A. Philosophy of education,shahed Unirercity, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate Professor of education sciences, shahed Unirercity, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The philosophical foundations of evaluation epistemology in education in post modern age were examined in this study by four approaches (the construction oriented approach – Hermeneutics approach - Critical (Collaborative) approach and integration approach). The methodology of this study was documentary analysis. In order to answer to study’s questions, data gathered using appropriate forms, and analyzed by 5 traditional approaches. According to the thesis questions the main results are: post modern evaluation epistemology is based on critical and collaborative methods combined with qualitative and quantitative approaches. The result of this study is: the evaluation of this age should be combinatorial so that: all aspect of epistemology in the field of evaluation should be considered, all positive points of evaluation method should be considered, all racial, regional, cultural and personal difference should be considered with emphasis on current needs and goals, emotional and motivational and belief of learner should be considered because it will be driving factor for learning – teaching approach.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Epistemology
  • Evaluation
  • post modern
  • construction oriented
  • Hermeneutics
  • Critical (Collaborative) and integration

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