نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

عضو هیئت‌علمی گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه ملایر، همدان، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی مسائل دانش‌آموزان دورة ابتدایی دربارة جنسیت و مسائل جنسی و دسته‌بندی این پرسش‌ها با استفاده از رویکرد ترکیبی در دو مرحله انجام شد. در مرحلة نخست، با بهره‌گیری از روش پژوهش حین عمل با مشارکت مربیان پرورشی مدارس ابتدایی شهر ملایر به استخراج پرسش‌های دانش‌آموزان دربارة جنسیت و مسائل جنسی و همین‌طور مقوله‌بندی آنان مبادرت شد. در مرحلة دوم، به هدف اولویت‌بندی پرسش‌های دانش‌آموزان تعداد 169 معلم و مربی پرورشی مشارکت داشتند. داده‌های گردآوری شده از طریق پرسش‌نامه بسته پاسخ با استفاده از آزمون فریدمن مورد آزمون و مسائل طرح شده به تفکیک هر مقوله رتبه‌بندی شدند. نتایج حاصل از بخش نخست پژوهش به شناسایی تعداد 50 مسئله منجر شد که در پنج مقوله مسائل جنسی مرتبط با ارتباط و تعامل با دیگران، ارزش‌ها و هنجارهای اجتماعی مرتبط با جنسیت و مسائل جنسی، زمینه‌های فرهنگی و آموزشی مرتبط با جنسیت و مسائل جنسی، مبانی رشدی مرتبط با جنسیت و مسائل جنسی، رفتار جنسی، تولیدمثل و باروری طبقه‌بندی شدند. رتبه‌بندی ابعاد پنج‌گانه نشان داد که مقوله «مسائل جنسی مرتبط با ارتباط و تعامل با دیگران» از بیشترین اهمیت و مقوله «رفتار جنسی، تولیدمثل و باروری» از کمترین میزان اهمیت برخوردار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying and categorizing the issues related to sexuality and gender posed by elementary students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hedayatallah Etemadizadeh
  • Ali Nouri

faculty member of education department, University of Malayer, Hamedan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The present study conducted to identify and categorize the issues related to sexuality and gender posed by elementary students through a mixed method research in two phases. In the first phase, the critical issues were identified and consequently classified employing an action research design by participation of elementary school educators of Malayer. The second phase was conducted in order to prioritize and rank the derived issues using a questionnaire survey which responded by 169 elementary teachers. The data from the first phase of study resulted in identifying 50 questions classified into the 5 categories including relations and interaction with others, social values and norms with respect of sexuality and gender, educational and cultural context, developmental bases, sexual behavior, reproduction and pregnancy. According to the results of category ranking, the category of relations and interaction with others was ranked as the first priority and the category of sexual behavior, and reproduction and pregnancy as the last priority.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • sexuality
  • gender
  • Sexual education
  • Curriculum

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