نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده ادبیات و علوم انسانی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف ارزیابی محتوای کتاب کار و فناوری پایة نهم از نظر میزان توجه به مفاهیم کارآفرینی به روش توصیفی از نوع تحلیل محتوای کمی انجام شد. جامعة پژوهشی، کتاب کار و فناوری پایة نهم در سال 1397 است که با توجه به ماهیت و منطق پژوهش کل متن کتاب به‌عنوان نمونه مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. ابزار اندازه‌گیری، سیاهة تحلیل محتوای محقق ساخته بوده است، مشتمل بر 7 مفهوم و 41 شاخص که روایی آن با استفاده از داوری تخصصی (روایی صوری و محتوایی) تعیین و پایایی آن با استفاده از روش اسکات 97/0 محاسبه شد. نتایج پژوهش با استفاده از آمار توصیفی در فرایند تحلیلی آنتروپی شانون مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بر اساس یافته‌های پژوهش، کتاب درسی کار و فناوری پایة نهم 270 مرتبه به مفاهیم کارآفرینی، توجه کرده که توزیع ضریب اهمیت آن در مفاهیم ریسک‌پذیری، توفیق‌طلبی، مسئولیت‌پذیری، خلاقیت، تحمل ابهام، کنترل درونی و آینده‌نگری به ترتیب 123/0، 149/0، 160/0، 161/0، 093/0، 164/0، 150/0 فراوانی بوده است. همچنین ضریب اهمیت در بین پودمان‌های الگوریتم، ترسیم با رایانه، سازوکارهای حرکتی، بازی‌های رایانه‌ای، برق، تأسیسات مکانیکی، عمران، خودرو، پایش رشد و تکامل کودک، صنایع‌دستی و هدایت تحصیلی حرفه‌ای به ترتیب 103/0، 081/0، 100/0، 101/0، 100/0، 089/0، 097/0، 070/0، 091/0، 100/0، 066/0 به دست آمد. نتیجه‌گیری کلی، آن شد که توزیع ضریب اهمیت در مفاهیم و نیز پودمان‌ها نامتوازن بوده و آموزش و ترویج مفاهیم کارآفرینی چنان چه باید جامعیت ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Assessment of Content of Business and Technology Textbooks Ninth Grade The Amount of Attention to the Concepts of Entrepreneurship

نویسنده [English]

  • reza jafariharandi

Associate Professor in Educational Sciences Department, Literature & Human Sciences Faculty, University of Qom, Qom, Iran.

چکیده [English]

Research aimed to An Content Analysis of of assessment of content of business and technology textbooks sixth grade elementary school the amount of attention to the concepts of entrepreneurship descriptive method content analysis was performed. The study population included, business and technology textbooks sixth grade elementary school in school year 2018 Considering the nature and logic of the research, the entire text of the book was examined as an example. Measurement tool, self-made content analysis checklist Consisting of the concept and 41 Index was, the validity of the use of professional judgment (validity and content) determined using Scott reliability 0.97 respectively. results using descriptive statistics were used in the process of Shannon entropy analysis. Based on research, business and technology textbooks Ninth grade elementary school 270 times concepts of entrepreneurship, focused The index distribution of its importance The concepts of risk appetite, achievement, responsibility, creativity, tolerance of ambiguity, internal control and foresight Respectively 0.123, 0.149, 0.160, 0.161, 0.093, 0.164, 0.150. It is also important to factor in the algorithm module, drawing on a computer, motor mechanics, computer games, electrical, mechanical, Construction, automotive, monitoring of child growth and development, crafts and professional academic guidance, respectively 0.103, 0.081, 0.100, 0.101, 0.100, 0.089, 0.097, 0.070, 0.091, 0.100, 0.066. The overall conclusion was that the distribution of importance coefficients in concepts and modules is unbalanced, and education and promotion of entrepreneurship concepts should not be as comprehensive as possible.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Shannon Entropy
  • Quantitative content analysis Ninth grade Business And Technology Textbooks
  • Entrepreneurship Concepts

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