نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد مطالعات برنامه درسی دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران.

2 دانشیار مطالعات برنامه درسی دانشگاه کردستان، کردستان، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2019.563665.1131

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی برنامه‌های درسی آموزش زبان فارسی (محتوا، روش و سازوکارهای یادگیری) در دوره ابتدایی است. پژوهش از لحاظ هدف، کاربردی و از لحاظ شیوه گردآوری داده‌ها، توصیفی پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری شامل معلمان پایه اول و دوم ابتدایی است که در مدارس ابتدایی شهرستان سنندج در سال تحصیلی 95-94 فعالیت داشتند که با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری به شیوه تصادفی خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامه محقق ساخته در این پژوهش ابزار شامل پرسشنامه محقق ساخته ایست که مبتنی بر پرسشنامه رایج حوزه آموزش زبان با عنوان سنجش رویکردهای آموزش زبان (ALEA) است. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از شاخص‌های آمار توصیفی شامل جداول و توزیع فراوانی، میانگین، انحراف استاندارد و نیز در سطح آمار استنباطی از آزمون تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی، ANOVA، تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه، آزمون t تک نمونه‌ای و آزمون بارتلت (با نرم‌افزار SPSS19) بهره گرفته شد. عوامل و مؤلفه‌های برنامه‌های درسی آموزش زبان فارسی در پایه اول و دوم ابتدایی از دیدگاه معلمان در برنامه درسی اجرا شده با استفاده از روش تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی استخراج شدند که با توجه به بار عاملی و ساختار مفهومی و نظری گزاره‌های تشکیل‌دهنده پرسشنامه با تأکید بر گزاره‌های با بیشترین بار عاملی به ترتیب با عناوین روش‌های آموزش ذاتی؛ روش‌های آموزش اکتسابی؛ محتوای موضوعی اکتسابی؛ محتوای موضوعی ذاتی؛ محتوای موضوعی تعاملی؛ سازوکارهای یادگیری تعاملی؛ سازوکارهای یادگیری ذاتی؛ روش‌های آموزشی تعاملی؛ و سازوکارهای یادگیری اکتسابی نام‌گذاری شدند. نتایج نشان می‌دهد که دیدگاه معلمان ابتدایی برای عامل سازوکارهای آموزشی در رویکرد تعاملی در مقایسه با رویکرد اکتسابی تفاوت معنادار بیشتری داشته و دیدگاهشان احتمالاً به ترتیب به رویکرد تعاملی و سپس رویکرد اکتسابی نزدیک‌تر است. هم‌چنین معلمان در عامل محتوای موضوعی دیدگاهشان به ترتیب شامل رویکردهای ذاتی، تعاملی و اکتسابی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Measuring the Most Valuable approaches of language Education; Studying of Language Teaching Curricula in Elementary School

نویسندگان [English]

  • Azar Moradian 1
  • jamal salimi 2

1 MA of Curriculum Development, Kordestan University, Kordestan,Iran.

2 Associat Professor, Kordestan University, Kordestan,Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study education curriculum (content, methods and mechanisms of learning) in elementary schools. The research in terms of purpose and method of data collection are application and descriptive- survey, respectively. The statistical population comprised first and second grade teachers in Sanandaj city primary schools. In this study, random cluster sampling was used. The instrument used in this study is a researcher- made questionnaire, which is derived from the common language education questionnaire entitled “Assessment of Language Education Approaches(ALEA)”. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and frequency tables, mean, and standard deviation and then, in inference statistics level, exploratory factor analysis, ANOVA, t-test one sample, and Bartlett test was used. Factors and components of the basic education curriculum in the first and second Persian language elementary teachers' views on curriculum implementation were extracted by exploratory factor analysis, which according to the load factor and the conceptual and theoretical structure of questionnaire statements with an emphasis on statements with the highest load factor were called inherent teaching methods, acquired teaching methods, acquired subject content, inherent subject content, interactive subject content, interactive learning mechanisms, inherent learning mechanisms, interactive teaching methods and learning mechanisms, respectively. The results of this research show that: the views of elementary teachers for interactive teaching mechanism in comparison with adaptive approach has been more significant and their view is likely to be closer to interactive approach and adaptive approach, respectively. Also, teachers for subject content factor, their views including the inherent, interactive and acquired approaches, respectively. Thus, their view is closer to inherent, interactive and adaptive approaches, respectively.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Curriculum
  • curriculum implemented
  • language teaching curriculum
  • language teaching theories
  • theories of psychology and linguistics

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