نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

2 دانشیار دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2019.578852.1275

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تحلیل تصاویر کتب درسی علوم دوره ابتدایی بر اساس روش سلوج و مک تیگو انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماری شامل کتب علوم ابتدایی چاپ 95-94 است. حجم نمونه نیز برابر با جامعه انتخاب گردیده است. این پژوهش از لحاظ روش، توصیفی بوده و از نظر نوع، تحلیل محتوا (تحلیل تصاویر) است. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی استفاده شده است. روایی این ابزار، روایی محتوایی و صوری بوده که به‌وسیلة سلوج اعتبارسنجی شده است. پایایی از ضریب توافقی بین کدگذاران 87درصد محاسبه گردید. یافته‌های پژوهش نشان می‌دهد که متون هر شش کتاب، ساختار خطی دارد، الگوی انتقال فعالانة اطلاعات، الگوی غالب بوده و فرمت متن و تصاویر بیشتر از نوع تک‌صفحه‌ای است، سهم تصاویر بیشتر از متن بوده که همگی جز تصاویر رنگی می‌باشند. بیشتر تصاویر عناوینی دارند که برخی از جنبه‌های موضوع را نشان می‌دهد که عمدتاً در وضعیت مجاور با متن قرار دارند و به متون مربوط اشاره کرده‌اند، تصاویر بازنمایی بیشترین سهم را در روابط معنایی دارند. با توجه به نتایج به دست آمده، لازم است از ساختارهای متنی متنوع و عناصر گرافیکی با توجه به ویژگی‌های هر پایه استفاده شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

A Content analysis of images in elementary science textbooks using the Slough and McTigue method

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sepideh Parsania 1
  • Firooz Mahmoodi 2

1 MA of Curriculum Development, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Education and Psychology, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present research isacontent analysis of images in elementary science textbooks using the Slough and McTigue method.Content analysis method (image analysis) is used in this research.The sample of study comprise all elementary school science textbooks 2015 - 2016. Descriptive statistics were used to analysis the data.The validity of this test is the content validity, which has been validated by Slough. The reliability of this method is the coefficient of agreement between coders, of which the agreement rate is 87%. The findings show the texts in each of six books have a linear structure andReader interaction with more text is an active transmission of information. The format of the textbooks page is single-page The share of images is more than text, all of which are color images. Theproportion of images whit related titles, most images contain titles highlight some aspects of the subject under discussion.Most images are in adjacent text. Most images are referred to texts.In the semantic relations of text and image, images represent a larger share. According to the results, it is necessary to use a variety of text structures and graphic elements.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Image analysis
  • Elementary Science textbooks
  • method of Slough and McTigue

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