نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه فرهنگیان، پردیس دکتر شریعتی، مازندران، ایران.

2 آموزگار ابتدایی، آموزش‌وپرورش شهرستان کاشان، ایران.

3 کارشناسی ارشد تکنولوژی آموزشی، آموزش‌وپرورش شهرستان کرج، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2019.554601.1014

چکیده

این پژوهش بر آن است تا در‌یابد که آیا تفاوتی بین میزان یادگیری و یادداری حاصل از آموزش به طریق کلاس فناوری چندرسانه‌ای، کلاس آزمایشگاهی، کلاس معکوس و کلاس سنتی در درس علوم پایة ششم ابتدایی وجود دارد. روش پژوهش حاضر از نوع شبه‌آزمایشی است. جامعة آماری پژوهش، شامل تمامی دانش‌آموزان مقطع ابتدایی به تعداد 8304 نفر در پایة ششم دبستان‌های پسرانه در سال تحصیلی 96-95 در ناحیه 3 شهر کرج است. روش نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت خوشه­ای چندمرحله‌ای بوده است بدین‌صورت که ابتدا از مناطق چندگانه کرج ناحیه 3 به‌صورت تصادفی انتخاب شد و آنگاه یک مدرسه در آن ناحیه به‌صورت تصادفی انتخاب شده است. ابزار پژوهش از نوع آزمون‌های چندگزینه‌ای محقق‌ساخته که روایی آن 4 نفر از آموزگاران برتر کشوری تائید و پایایی آن با روش آلفای کرونباخ 81/0 به دست آمد و اطلاعات با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS20 در دو بخش توصیفی و استنباطی تجزیه‌وتحلیل شد. نتایج نشان داد که روش آموزش معکوس تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر یادگیری و یادداری دانش‌آموزان دارد؛ اما سایر روش‌های آموزش کلاس آزمایشگاهی، کلاس چندرسانه‌ای و کلاس سنتی تأثیری بر میزان یادگیری و یادداری دانش‌آموزان ندارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Comparison of Learning and Reminder Levels of Multivariate Learning Classroom Technology and Inverted Classes and Elementary Classes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Badeleh 1
  • Hamed Mahmoodzadeh 2
  • Reza Kabirizadeh 3

1 Assistant Professor of Educational Department, Farhangian University, Dr. Shariati Campus, Mazandaran, Iran.

2 Primary School Teacher of Education Department, Kashan, Iran.

3 Master of Educational Technology, Education Department, Karaj, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The research seeks to find out whether there is a difference in the level of learning and reminder from training to multimedia classroom technology, classroom, reverse, and classroom classes in elementary sixth science. The research method is quasi-experimental. The sampling method was a cluster sampling, so that at first, several areas of Karaj district 3 were randomly selected and then a school in that area was selected randomly. The statistical population of the study includes all 8304 elementary school students in the sixth grade of boys' elementary schools in the academic year of 1996-96 in the 3rd district of Karaj. The research tool was a researcher-made multi-test, whose validity was confirmed by the outstanding Kishiyur professors and its reliability was 0.81 by Cronbach's alpha method. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS version 20 software. The results showed that reverse learning method has a positive effect on students 'learning and learning, and other methods of classroom teaching, multimedia class, and traditional classes do not affect students' learning and learning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • traditional teaching
  • Laboratory training
  • Reverse learning
  • Multimedia education

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