نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناسی ارشد روان‌شناسی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

3 استاد گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2019.1866936.1383

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی اثربخشی آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر عزت‌نفس و اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی در دانش‌آموزان دختر پایه نهم شهر اصفهان در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 است. در این پژوهش از روش پژوهش نیمه‌آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون، پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل و مرحلة پیگیری دو ماهه استفاده شد. جامعة آماری شامل دانش‌آموزان دختر پایه‌ی نهم بود که نمونه مورد نظر از میان آنها با روش نمونه‌گیری غیرتصادفی هدفمند انتخاب گردید و با انجام غربالگری و اجرای پرسشنامة اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی سولمون و راثبلوم (Solomon & Rothblum, 1984) و عزت‌نفس کوپر اسمیت (1967) 40 نفر از دانش‌آموزانی که بیشترین نمره اهمال‌کاری و کمترین نمره عزت‌نفس را اخذ نمودند، انتخاب شده و به‌طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. سپس گروه آزمایش 8 جلسه آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی (Burdick, 2017) دریافت نمودند و نتایج آنها از طریق تحلیل واریانس با اندازه‌گیری مکرر با استفاده از نرم‌افزار آماری SPSS23 مورد بررسی قرار گرفت. بر اساس نتایج، تفاوت معناداری بین دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل در هریک از متغیرها در مرحله پس‌آزمون و پیگیری مشاهده گردید. نتایج نشان داد که آموزش ذهن‌آگاهی بر افزایش میزان عزت‌نفس و کاهش اهمال‌کاری تحصیلی در گروه آزمایش تأثیر معناداری داشته است. بر همین اساس، تمرین‌های ذهن‌آگاهی با افزایش آگاهی افراد از لحظه حال از طریق فنونی مثل توجه به تنفس و وارسی بدن، آگاهی از زمان حال و پردازش اطلاعات بر افراد اثر می‌گذارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Mindfulness on Self esteem and Procrastination in Girl Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fahimeh Aghasi 1
  • Hadi Farhadi 2
  • Asghar Aghaei 3

1 Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran.

3 Department of educational science and psychology, Isfahan (khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad university, Isfahan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of mindfulness training on academic procrastination and self esteem of ninth graders high school females in Isfahan in 95-96 academic year. Method: The research was of quasi- experimental type with pretest, post -Test and control group. Population were consisted of all female ninth graders in Isfahan city. By using stratified cluster sampling method two district were randomly selected among six educational districts then two school from each district and two classrooms from each school were randomly selected. Data were collected by Solmomn and Rothblum Academic Procrastination (1984) and Cooper Smith Self esteem (1967) questionnaires. Questionnaires were given to all students.then 40 participants who had the highest scores on procrastination and the lowest scores on self esteem were selected and randomly assigned to two groups of experimental and control group. 8 sessions of mindfulness training,were held with experimental group.Results showed that there is a significant difference between the mean scores of experimental and control groups in any of the variables in post- test and follow up stage, indicating that mindfulness training program was effective to enhance self esteem and decrease academic procrastination in experimental group. Conclusion: it seems that mindfulness training and practices can influence people by increasing awareness of the present moment by techniques such as paying attention to breathing and body, awareness of here and now, information précising.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mindfulness
  • self esteem
  • procrastination
  • girl students

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