نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

2 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2019.1869175.1398

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با استفاده از روش پدیدارنگاری درصدد کشف کلیدی‌ترین ادراک متخصصان برنامه درسی ایران از مؤلفه‌های برنامه درسی نوفهمی است. از طریق مصاحبه‌های نیمه‌ساختاریافته با 21 نفر از متخصصان واجد شرایط، داده‌های لازم گردآوری و پس از طی فرایند کدگذاری، در قالب 251 کد باز، 81 کد محوری و 29 کد انتخابی، در زیرمجوعة هشت مؤلفه پارادایم نوفهمی، سازمان‌دهی شدند. حاصل نهایی تحلیل داده‌ها، حاکی از آن است که رهایی‌بخشی؛ برنامه‌ای نقاد و روشنگر، عدالت محور، روشنفکر مدار و یادگیرنده محور است. توجه به عوامل فرامدرسه‌ای؛ با نگاه جامع فرهنگی، تلقی زمینه‌ای و همسویی با تجارب جامعه محلی به دنبال مدیریت عوامل تأثیرگذار بر برنامه درسی است. تاریخ‌نگاری؛ مترادف با پایش روندی و جامع عقاید برنامه درسی، مکتوب کردن میراث برنامه درسی، عبرت‌آموزی، وقایع‌نگاری عقاید برنامه درسی و اقدام مبتنی بر خودشناسی به کار رفته است. میان‌رشته‌ای؛ مدیریت تعاملی و همه‌جانبه نگراست. بین‌المللی کردن مطالعات برنامه درسی؛ بسترسازی تعاملات فرهنگی، شور فرهنگی و هم‌افزایی فرهنگی در برنامه‌های درسی است. رابطة نظریه و عمل در نگرش‌های تمایل قطبی به نظریه، تمایل رفت و برگشتی و تمایل قطبی به عمل توصیف شده است. تغییر برنامه‌ریزی درسی به فهم برنامه درسی در اعتقاد به شیفت پارادایمی، عدم اعتقاد به شیفت پارادایمی و معنابخشی و نموددهی به هویت‌های جدید برنامه درسی تجلی یافته و درنهایت اتوبیوگرافیکال بودن برنامه‌های درسی با عناوین شخصی شده، ترکیبی و پژوهش‌محور مشخص شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Exploration of the Iranian Curricularists' Understanding of Reconceptualization Curriculum Components paradigm

نویسندگان [English]

  • salam yaghobi 1
  • ali hosseinikahe 2
  • Mostafa ghaderi 3
  • Marjan Kian 2

1 Ph. d student of curriculum studiy, Department of Education, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Assistant Professor of curriculum studies, kharazm'i University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Associate Professor of curriculum studies, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The present study, using phenomenological method, seeks to discover the most important perception of Iranian curriculum specialists on the components of the reconceptualization curriculum. Through semi-structured interviews with 21 qualified experts, the necessary data were collected and organized during the coding process in the form of 251 open source codes, 81 axial codes and 29 selective codes, under the Eight Components of reconceptualization Paradigm.The end result of the data analysis is that emancipation is a critical and enlightening, justice-based, intellectual-focused, and learner-centered emancipation. Attention toextra-school factors; with a comprehensive cultural perspective, contextualization and alignment with local community experiences seeks to manage the factors influencing the curriculum. Historiography; has been synonymous Monitoring the process and comprehensive curriculum ideas, curriculum heritage writingLearn a lesson, Logistics of Curriculum Opinions, and Self-based practice. Interdisciplinary; interactive management and comprehensive. Internationalizing curricular studies; is the context of cultural interaction, cultural passion and cultural synergy in the curricula. The relation between theory and practice; has been described in polar attitudes to theory, reciprocal tendency, and polar tendency to practice. Changing the Curriculum Development to the Curriculum Understanding; in Belief in Paradigm Shift, Non-Belief in Paradigm Shift, Meaningfulness and Demonstration of New Curriculum Identities and Finally Auto-biographical Curriculum with Personalized, Combined and Research-Based Titles have been marked.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • understanding
  • Curriculum Specialists in Iran
  • Reconceptualization Components paradigm

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