نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

2 بخش مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی آموزشی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

3 بخش بیماری‌های عفونی و تب‌دار، دانشکده پزشکی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز، شیراز، ایران.

10.30486/jsre.2020.585196.1340

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، طراحی برنامه درسی آموزش پیشگیری از اچ‌آی‌وی / ایدز برای مربیان بهداشت مدارس متوسطه ایران بود. در این پژوهش که از طرح ترکیبی اکتشافی متوالی و از نوع طبقه‌بندی استفاده شد در بخش کیفی از روش مطالعه موردی و در بخش کمی از روش توصیفی پیمایشی استفاده شد.در بخش کیفی با رویکرد نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و روش گروه‌های کانونی و با معیار اشباع نظری، مشارکت‌کنندگان 10 نفر از متخصصان حوزه سلامت دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی کشور و در بخش کمی نیز از متخصصان آموزش بهداشت در همۀ دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی بر اساس رویکرد نمونه‌گیری هدفمند و روش گروه‌های کانونی با استفاده از تکنیک معیار تعداد 30 متخصص انتخاب و مطالعه شدند. برای اعتباریابی نتایج در بخش کیفی از همسوسازی و در بخش کمی از روش تحلیل گویه استفاده گردید. روش تجزیه‌وتحلیل در بخش کیفی، تحلیل مضمون و در بخش کمی، آمار استنباطی بود. نتایج بخش کیفی پژوهش 3 مضمون سازمان‌دهنده در قالب عناصر سه‌گانه اهداف، محتوا و روش‌های یاددهی-یادگیری و 44 مضمون پایه و مضمون فراگیر برنامه درسی آموزش پیشگیری از اچ‌آی‌وی / ایدز برای مربیان بهداشت دوره متوسطه بود. نتایج نشان داد که برنامه درسی آموزش پیشگیری از اچ‌آی‌وی / ایدز از اعتبار برخوردار است ولی عناصر سه‌گانه اهداف با میانگین 66/1 و 74/1، محتوا با میانگین 12/2 و 17/2 و روش‌های یاددهی - یادگیری با میانگین 12/2 و 79/2 کمتر از میانگین معیار 3 ارزیابی شده‌اند به همین دلیل قابلیت اجرایی و سودمندی کمی دارند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Evaluation of (substantiation, Impelement, usefulness) HIV/AIDS Prevention Education Curriculum for the Secondary School Health Educators in the Islamic Republic of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamideh kholghifard 1
  • Rahmatollah Marzooghi 2
  • Mehdi Mohammadi 2
  • mohamad ali davarpanah 3

1 Ph.D. in Curriculum, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.

2 Department of Management and Educational Planning, Faculty of Education and Psychology, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran

3 Department of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to design a curriculum on HIV / AIDS prevention education for the secondary school health educators in the Iran. Taxonomy model of exploratory sequential mixed method was used for this study in which qualitative and quantitative stages done by case study method and descriptive-survey method respectively. Potential participants in qualititative section were 10 health professionals from Universities of Medical Sciences; and those in quanitative section were health education professionals in all medical sciences universities.In the qualitative section, a sampling approach and focus groups and a saturation criterion were used and in the quantitative section, 30 experts were selected and studied using focuse groups and criterion technique. In order to validate the results, reliability through data matching used in the qualitative and data analysis method used in the quantitative section. The analysis methods in the qualitative and quantitative sections were thematic analysis using the N-vivo 8.8 software and inferential statistics respectively. The results of the qualitative section of the study were 3 organizer contents in the form of the goals, content, and educational materials; and 44 basic themes and comprehensive them of HIV / AIDS prevention curriculum for secondary school health educators. The results showed that the HIV / AIDS prevention education curriculum is valid but three elements of goals(mean 1.66 and 1.74), content(mean 2.12 and 2.17), and teaching-learning methods(mean 2.12 and 2.79) were lower than the mean (3). Have been evaluated and therefore have little Impelement and usefulness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Impelement
  • usefulness
  • Curriculum
  • HIV / AIDS prevention education

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