نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم‌تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، مازندران، ایران.

2 کارشناس آموزش، آموزش‌وپرورش آق‌قلا، گلستان، ایران.

3 استادیار گروه علوم‌تربیتی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، لرستان، ایران.

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی تأثیر آموزش مبتنی بر بارشناختی و فناوری واقعیت افزوده بر یادگیری و یادداری‌ دانش‌آموزان رشتۀ تجربی پایۀ دوازدهم متوسطه در درس ریاضی 3 سال تحصیلی 98-97 است. روش پژوهش حاضر شبه آزمایشی از نوع پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با سه گروه یک گروه کنترل و دو گروه آزمایش است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل تمامی دانش‌آموزان پایه دوازدهم رشته تجربی شهرستان گرگان به تعداد 726 دانش‌آموز است که حجم نمونه پژوهش با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای، از بین 22 دبیرستان شهرستان گرگان، به‌طور تصادفی دبیرستان مصطفی خمینی انتخاب شد. سپس از بین رشته‌های پایه دوازدهم این مدرسه، به‌طور تصادفی رشته تجربی انتخاب شد که دارای 3 کلاس به تعداد 90 دانش‌آموز بود. از بین این دانش‌آموزان، آنان که دارای معدل بالای 17 بوده و از نظر انضباطی در سطح مطلوبی قرار داشتند. 60 دانش‌آموز به‌عنوان نمونۀ پژوهش انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل آزمون محقق ساخته 30 سؤالی با رعایت سطوح مختلف حیطۀ شناختی بلوم است که ضریب تمییز و دشواری تک‌تک سؤالات بررسی و مطلوب گزارش شد. به‌منظور ارزیابی روایی‌محتوایی از دو ضریب نسبی روایی‌محتوا (CVR) و شاخص روایی محتوا (CVI) استفاده شد که به ترتیب 60/0 و 86/0 به دست آمد نتایج پژوهش حاضر نشان داد که روش‌های آموزش مبتنی بر بارشناختی و فناوری واقعیت افزوده تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر یادگیری و یادداری دانش‌آموزان دارند و روش‌ آموزش مبتنی بر فناوری واقعیت افزوده نسبت به سایر روش‌های آموزش مبتنی بر بارشناختی و روش سنتی تأثیر بیشتری بر یادگیری و یادداری دانش‌آموزان دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of Cognitive Load and Augmented Reality Technology Methods on Students' Learning-Retention in Mathematics

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Badeleh 1
  • Abdoljalal Toomaj 2
  • Moslem Ghobadiyan 3

1 Assistant Professor of Educational Department, Farhangian University, Mazandaran, Iran

2 Education Expert, Education, Aqh qhala, Golestan, Iran.

3 Assistant Professor of Educational Department, Farhangian University, Lorestan, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of cognitive Load and augmented reality technology methods on the learning-retention of 12th grade students of experimental sciences field in the mathematics 3 course in the academic year of 2018-2019. The research method is quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test with three groups: one control group and two experimental groups. The statistical population of the study consisted of all 12th grade students of experimental sciences field of Gorgan city that were 726 students. Mustafa Khomeini high school was selected by cluster sampling method from 22 high schools of Gorgan as the sample. Then, from the 12th grade students of this school, the experimental sciences field was selected which consisted of 3 classes with 90 students. Among these students, those students who had average above 17, and who were discipline-desirable were selected. Finally, according to the criteria set, 60 students were selected as research sample. The research instrument consisted of a 30-questions researcher-made test with different levels of Bloom's cognitive domain. The coefficient of distinction and difficulty of each question was reported and was desirable. The results showed that cognitive Load and augmented reality technology methods have a positive and significant effect on students' learning and retention. And augmented reality-based teaching methods have a greater impact on students' learning and retention than other cognitive-based teaching methods and traditional methods.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • education
  • cognitive load
  • Augmented Reality Technology
  • retention
  • Students
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