نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مسئول نظارت و ارزیابی، دانشگاه فرهنگیان، سنندج، ایران

2 استادیار علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اراک، اراک، ایران

3 دانشیار علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه کردستان، سنندج، ایران.

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی میزان برخورداری دانشجومعلمان دانشگاه فرهنگیان سنندج از دانش روشها و فنون تدریس و شناسایی عوامل مؤثر بر آن انجام شده است. رویکرد پژوهش، آمیخته از نوع متوالی- تبینی و روش تحقیق در بخش کمّی توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی و در بخش کیفی پدیدارشناسی است. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش را 108 نفر از دانشجو معلمان که درس روشها و فنون تدریس را گذارنده بودند، تشکیل داده است. با توجه به شرایط پژوهش، نمونه‌گیری در بخش کمّی با روش سرشماری(108نفر) و در بخش کیفی به صورت هدفمند و از بین دانشجویانی که نمرۀ آنها یک انحراف معیار بالاتر و پایین‌تر از میانگین بود (38 نفر) انجام شده است. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات در بخش کمّی از پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساخته و در بخش کیفی از مصاحبۀ نیمه‌ساختار یافته و برای تحلیل اطلاعات در بخش کمّی از آمار توصیفی و در بخش کیفی برای تحلیل متن مصاحبه‌ها از روش تحلیل تفسیری استفاده شده است. معدل دانشجویان از آزمون 66/20  به دست آمد که نشان می‌دهد سطح یادگیری و آموخته‌های دانشجومعلمان در این درس در حد متوسط است. در بخش کیفی نیز چهار عامل اصلیِ تأثیر استادان، تأثیر فضای کلاس درس، نگرش دانشجویان و عوامل اجتماعی و بیرونی به عنوان عوامل مؤثر در یادگیری درس روشها و  فنون تدریس شناسایی شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The extent to which students and teachers of Farhangian University of Sanandaj have knowledge of teaching methods and techniques and identifying the factors affecting it

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahriyar Heidari 1
  • faezeh nateghi 2
  • Yahya Maroufi 3

1 Responsible for monitoring and evaluation, Farhangian, Sanandej, Iran.

2 Department of Educational Sciences, Azad University Arak, Arak, Iran.

3 Department of Educational Sciences, Kordestan, Sanandaj, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the extent to which students and teachers of Farhangian University of Sanandaj have knowledge of teaching methods and techniques and to identify the factors affecting it. The research approach is a combination of sequential-explanatory and the research method in the quantitative part is descriptive-survey and in the qualitative part is phenomenological. The statistical population of the study consisted of 108 student-teachers who had taught teaching methods and techniques. Sampling in the quantitative part according to the research conditions of the census method (108 people) and in the qualitative part purposefully and among students whose score was a standard deviation higher and lower than the average (38 people) has been selected. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect information in a quantitative part and a semi-structured interview was used in a qualitative part. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the information in a quantitative part of the statistics and interpretive analysis was used in the qualitative part to analyze the text of the interviews. Students' GPA was obtained from the test of 20.66 which shows that the level of learning and learning of student-teachers in this course is average. In the qualitative part, four main factors including the effect of teachers, the effect of classroom atmosphere, students' attitudes and social and external factors were identified as effective factors in learning the teaching methods and techniques.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • experiential curriculum
  • teaching methods and techniques
  • teaching students
  • effective factors
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