نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه شاهد، تهران ، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف تبیین ابعاد و شاخص‌های فرهنگ یادگیری مشارکتی در دوره متوسطه انجام یافته است. پژوهش حاضر از نظر هدف کاربردی و به لحاظ رویکرد، ترکیبی است که در بخش اول از روش تحلیل محتوای اسنادی و در بخش دوم از روش کمّی دلفی تعدیل شده محدود استفاده شد. میدان پژوهش در بخش کیفی، شامل کلیه متون مرتبط با فرهنگ یادگیری مشارکتی و در بخش کمی شامل اساتید برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه‌های شهر تهران بودند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها در بخش کیفی، فهرست وارسی و در بخش کمی پرسشنامه بود. روایی ابزار از طریق نظرخواهی از اساتید برنامه‌ریزی دانشگاه‌ها و پایایی ابزار چک لیست از طریق فرمول اسکات 4/96 و ابزار پرسشنامه از طریق آلفای کرونباخ 84/0محاسبه گردید. یافته‌های تحقیق بیانگر شناسایی فرهنگ یادگیری مشارکتی در چهار بعد تعامل‌محوری، فرایند‌محوری، خودراهبری و تحول‌آفرینی و 31 شاخص فرهنگ یادگیری مشارکتی می‌باشد که با اخذ نظر خبرگان، این مولفه‌ها و شاخص‌ها در قالب ﯾﮏ الگوی جامع تبیین ﮔﺮدﯾﺪ. بر اساس نتایج تحقیق پیشنهاد می‌شود برنامه‌ریزان آموزشی و درسی در تمام دوره تحصیلی، اهتمام خود را در بهره‌گیری از الگوی فرهنگ یادگیری مشارکتی و شاخص‌های ارائه شده در این تحقیق به کار ببندند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explain the dimensions and indicators of participatory learning culture in the high school curriculum

نویسندگان [English]

  • mohsen dibaei saber 1
  • Davood Tahmasebzadeh shekhlar 2

1 Assistant professor, Faculty of education, university of shahed tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of education, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran

چکیده [English]

The present study has been compiled with the aim of Explain the dimensions and indicators of participatory learning culture in the high school curriculum. In this research, in the first part of the research, the meta-combined qualitative research method was used. A meta-combination similar to the meta-analysis method is used to integrate several studies to create comprehensive and interpretive findings. In the second part of the research, the modified Delphi method is used.
In this research, first, to collect qualitative data from related research, the meta-combined qualitative research method was used, and by reviewing related research in this field, it extracted characteristics and then to reach a consensus of experts on dimensions, characteristics. Indicators of Cooperative learning culture in secondary school A significant number of selected experts were identified and using the modified Delphi quantitative research method, 15 questionnaires were distributed among them and after sending and receiving in three consecutive rounds, the relevant information was collected and analyzed. By studying various sources and researches in this field, four types of culture of central interaction, process-oriented, self-directed and transformative and 31 indicators of Cooperative learning culture were identified as indicators of Cooperative learning culture.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • culture
  • Cooperative Learning Culture
  • high school
  • Mixed Study
  •  

    • Abdolahyar Ali, Sobhaninejad Mehdi, Sajadi seyed Mahdi, Farmahini Farahani Mohsen (2021). Designing creative teaching pattern based on Gilles Deleuze & Felix Guattri’se epistemological conponents. Research in curriculum planning. Vol 18. No 41 (continus 68), pages 1-15. [Persian]
    • Adu-Gyamfi, Kenneth; Ampiah, Joseph Ghartey; Agyei, Douglas Darko (2020). Participatory Teaching and Learning Approach: A Framework for Teaching Redox Reactions at High School Level. International Journal of Education and Practice, v8 n1 p106-120
    • Afzalkhani Maryam& nava Ebrahim Abdulrahim( 2010). How the high school curriculum in terms of dealing with individual and group components of students' creativity? Educational Sciences, Third Year, No. 10, pp. 110-83. [Persian]
    • Attaran, Mohammad; Larkian, Maryam; Fazeli, Nematullah; Ali Asgari, Majid (2011). Identifying e-learning curriculum culture: A case study in Iran. Higher Education Curriculum Studies, Consecutive 3 .7-41. [Persian]
    • Baumgartner, Lisa M. (2019). Fostering Transformative Learning in Educational Settings. Adult Literacy Education, v1 n1 p69-74.
    • Bi-Quarterly Journal of Cognitive Strategies in Learning. 4 (7).
    • DeWever, Bram., Keer, Hilde Van, Schellens, Tammy., & Valcke, Martin. (2010). Roles as a structuring tool in online discussion groups: The differential impact of different roles on social knowledge construction. Computers in Human Behavior, 26(4), 516–523. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2009.08.008
    • Dibaei saber, Mohsen (2021). Identifying and prioritizing informal learning methods of junior high school teachers (Case study: junior high school teachers in Tehran). Quarterly Journal of Training & Development of Human Resources Vol.7, No 26, 2020, 124-141. [Persian]
    • Driskell, T., Driskell, J. E., Burke, C. S., & Salas, E. (2017). Team roles: A review and integration. Small Group Research, 48(4), 482–511. https://doi.org/10.1177/1046496417711529
    • Eger, Ludvík; Prášilová, Michaela (2020). The Relation between School Culture Sub-Categories and Expected Results of Learning Process. Problems of Education in the 21st Century, v78 n1 p48-60.
    • Fazeli, Nematullah (1382). A Comparative Study of Iranian and British University Culture (Anthropological Study on the Causes and Inefficiencies of University Education in Iran). Journal of Anthropology.2 (3) 132-92. [Persian].
    • Foulis, Elena (2018). Participatory Pedagogy: Oral History in the Service-Learning Classroom. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, v22 n3 p119-134
    • Halverson, Rich., Kallio, Julie., Hackett, Sarah., & Halverson, Erica. (2016). Participatory Culture as a Model for How New Media Technologies Can Change Public Schools. Emerging learning design journal. Volume 3. page 1-6.
    • Han, Shin-Il; Son, Hyesook(2020).effects of Cooperative Learning on the Improvement of Interpersonal Competence among Students in Classroom Environments. International Online Journal of Education and Teaching, v7 n1 p17-28.
    • Heinimäki, Olli-Pekka; Volet, Simone; Vauras, Marja (2020). Core and Activity-Specific Functional Participatory Roles in Collaborative Science Learning. Frontline Learning Research Vol.8 No.2 (2020) 65 - 89 ISSN 2295-3159
    • Henrik Vartiainen (2014). DESIGNING PARTICIPATORY LEARNING. International Conferences on Educational Technologies 2014 and Sustainability, Technology and Education
    • Huitt, T. W., Killins, A., & Brooks, W. S. (2015). Team-based learning in the gross anatomy laboratory improves academic performance and students’ attitudes toward teamwork. Anatomical Sciences Education, 8(2), 95-103
    • Hunt, Antony; Tickner, Sue (2015). Cultural Dimensions of Learning in Online Teacher Education Courses. Journal of Open, Flexible and Distance Learning, 19(2)
    • Jana Abadi Hussein (2016). Investigating the Relationship between Metacognitive Strategies and Creativity with Learning Style in Students with Siblings with External, Internal and Emotional Disorders. 4 (6).
    • Javid Mehr, Mahmoud; Maqool, Ali; Nodehi, Hassan; Insight, Morteza (2018). Presenting the organizational culture model in education of Khorasan Razavi using the data theory theoretical model of the foundation. Research in educational systems. Special Issue. [Persian]
    • Kadivar, Parvin. (2018) Educational Psychology, Fourteenth Edition, Tehran: Samat Publications. [Persian]
    • Kartal, Alpaslan (2020). Investigation of the Attitudes of University Students at Different Departments against Cooperative Learning. World Journal of Education.  v10 n3 p142-147
    • Khakbaz, Azima Sadat (2015). Challenges of applying participatory learning in university teaching. Journal of Teaching Research. 5. (2): [Persian]
    • Khaleghkhah, Ali; Rezaei Sharif, Ali; Zahid Babalan, Adel; Hashemi, Zahra (2015). Evaluation of the effectiveness of participatory learning training of Jigsaw type on self-regulation and academic motivation of elementary students. Journal of Education and Learning Study, 1 (69): 182-154.[Persian]
    • Khalvandy Fatemeh, Bazrafshan Maryam (2015). Effect of the cooperative learning on student educational performance and attitude on the basis of Jigsaw puzzle pattern. Research in curriculum planning. Vol 13. No 23(continus 50). pages113-125. [Persian]
    • Khosa, D. K., Volet, S. E., & Bolton, J. R. (2010). An instructional intervention to encourage effective deep collaborative learning in undergraduate veterinary students. Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, 37, 368–375. https://doi.org/10.3138/jvme.37.4.369
    • Kripendorf, Kloss. (2015). Content Analysis. translated by Houshang naeini. Tehran: Publishing (time of publication Original language work 1980). [Persian]
    • Le, T. T. (2010). Infusing Cooperative Learning into an EFL Classroom. English Language Teaching, 3(2), 64-77. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v3n2p64
    • Marsh, Valerie L.; Hoff, Martha (2019). New Literacies in Participatory Cultures: The Assumption of Trust.
    • Nuhoglu, Hasret; Akgül, Savas (2019). Analysis of the Relation between Creativity Level and Problem Solving Skills of Gifted and Talented Students. Educational Research and Reviews, v14 n15 p518-532.
    • Okumus, Seda; Koc, Yasemin; Doymus, Kemal (2019). Determining the Effect of Cooperative Learning and Models on the Conceptual Understanding of the Chemical Reactions.  Educational Policy Analysis and Strategic Research.  v14 n3 p154-177
    • Olabiyi, Oladiran S.; Awofala, Adeneye O. A (2019). Effect of Co-Operative Learning Strategy on Senior Secondary School Students' Achievement in Woodwork Technology. Acta Didactica Napocensia. v12 n2 p171-182
    • Olatoye, R. A., Aderogba, A. A. & Aanu, E. M. (2011). Effect of co-operative and individualized teaching methods on senior secondary students’ achievement in an aspect of Agricultural Science. International Journal of Educational Research and Technology, 1(1), 19-29.
    • Sahin, Mehmet; Dogantay, Hidayet. (2018). Online Submission, Journal of Innovation in Psychology, Education and Didactics v22 n1 p103-114.
    • Salehi Mansour, Abdollahpour Kazem (2017). The effect of collaborative learning to handle the country (in the classroom) with teacher assistance in Second high school female students. Research in curriculum planning. Vol 15. No 30(continus 57). pages79-67. [Persian]
    • Sarkararani, Mohammad Reza (2015) Education as culture. Tehran, Iran: Preacher of Education. [Persian]
    • Seraji, Farhad (2013). Virtual learning environments. An opportunity to help improve the culture of learning. Culture Strategy, 5 (17 and 18). [Persian]
    • Taylor, E. W., & Snyder, M. J. (2012). A critical review of research on transformative learning theory, 2006–2010. In E. W. Taylor & P. Cranton (Eds.), The handbook of transformative learning: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 37–55). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
    • Tran, V. D. & Lewis, R. (2012). Effects of Cooperative Learning on Students at an Giang University in Vietnam. International Education Studies, 5(1), 86-99. doi.org/10.5539/ies. v5n1p86
    • Tran, Van Dat (2019). Does Cooperative Learning Increase Students' Motivation in Learning? v8 n5 p12-20
    • Vartiainen, Henrik (2014). Designing Participatory Learning. international Association for Development of the Information Society, Paper presented at the International Conferences on Education Technologies (ICEduTech) and Sustainability, Technology and Education (STE) (New Taipei City, Taiwan, Dec 10-12.
    • Vaughan, W. (2002). Effects of Cooperative Learning on Achievement and Attitude Among Students of Color. The Journal of Educational Research, 95(6), 359-364 https://doi.org/10.1080/00220670209596610
    • Vauras, M., Volet, S., & Nolen, S. (2019). Supporting motivation in collaborative learning: Challenges in the face of an uncertain future. In E. Gonida & M. Lemos (Eds.), Motivation in education at a time of global change: Theory, research, and implications for practice (pp. 187–203). New York: Emerald
    • Volet, S., Vauras, M., Salo, A. E., & Khosa, D. (2017). Individual contributions in student-led collaborative learning: Insights from two analytical approaches to explain the quality of group outcome. Learning and Individual Differences, 53, 79–92. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2016.11.006
    • Wang, M., Cheng, B., Chen, J., Mercer, N., & Kirschner, P. A. (2017). The use of web-based collaborative concept mapping to support group learning and interaction in an online environment. The Internet and Higher Education, 34, 28-40
    • Warfa, A.R.M. (2016). Using cooperative learning to teach chemistry: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Chemical Education, 93, 248−255.
    • Yousefzadeh Mohammad Reza, Hooshdar Javad (2015). Relationship between secondary forms and learning rate of second grade students in junior high school. [Persian]
    • Yusuf, S.D. (2014). Effect of collaborative learning on chemistry student’s academic achievement and anxiety level in balancing chemical equations in secondary schools in Kastina Metropolis. Journal of Education and Vocational Research, 5(2), 43-48
    • Zakaria, E., Chin, L. C., & Daud, M. Y. (2010). The effects of cooperative learning on students' mathematics achievement and attitude towards mathematics. Journal of social sciences, 6(2), 272.
    • Zeighamian Seyedeh Fatemeh (2017). Investigating the effect of teaching based on participatory learning of Jigsaw type on students' social adequacy. Sociology of Education, 9: 27-12. [Persian]