نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسندگان

1 مربی،عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه فرهنگیان تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار، عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه آزاد واحد نهران جنوب، تهران، ایران

3 عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه فرهنگیان تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف مطالعۀ نظام‌مند و با استفاده از پژوهش‌های انجام‌شده توسط محققان داخلی و خارجی در بیست سال گذشته در مورد صلاحیت‌های دانش و مهارت‌های تربیتی معلم (Pedagogie) به مرحلۀ اجرا درآمد. روش به کار گرفته‌شده در این تحقیق، روش مروری بوده و در این رابطه از بین 150 پژوهش‌ انجام‌شده طی بیست سال در فاصلۀ سال‌های 1378 تا سال1398 دربارۀ موضوع به ‌عنوان حوزۀ پژوهش، پژوهشگر با 43 پژوهش به سطح اشباع داده‌ای رسیدند و با استخراج نتایج به‌دست‌آمده به ‌صورت واحدهای معنایی و کدگذاری صلاحیت‌ها از نوع استقرایی،74 کد در مرحلۀ نخست ایجاد و با روش فراترکیب در 13 مقوله سازمان‌دهی شدند و در نهایت سه درون‌مایه از صلاحیت‌ها به دست آمد که عبارتند از: 1-درون‌مایۀ صلاحیت‌های پیش‌نیاز با پنج مؤلفۀ «صلاحیت‌های عمومی، مهارت‌های ارتباطی، علاقه‌مندی به حرفۀ معلمی، توسعۀ حرفه‌ای، منش معلمی».2-درون‌مایۀ صلاحیت‌های برنامۀ‌ریزی با شش مؤلفۀ «درک موضوع درسی، تطبیق برنامۀ با فراگیران، آماده‌سازی موضوع درسی برای تدریس، شناخت فراگیران و صلاحیت عمومی».3- درون‌مایۀ صلاحیت‌های اجرا و ارزشیابی با هفت مؤلفۀ «فعال‌سازی دانش‌آموزان، مدیریت کلاس درس، شناخت فراگیران، سازمان‌دهی فرایندهای یاددهی و یادگیری، مهارت‌های ارتباطی و مهارت‌های تدریس مطلوب» طبقه‌بندی گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Teachers' knowledge and pedagogical competencies

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Esabat Tabari 1
  • Mohammad norian 2
  • Kiumars Damsaz 3

1 Academic Member, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Associate professor at Islamic Azad University, South Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran.

3 Academic Member, Farhangian University, Tehran, Iran.

چکیده [English]

This study aimed to study systematically and present a meta-synthesis of researches over the past 20 years on teacher's pedagogic content knowledge (pck) competencies. The approach used in this study included discretional qualitative research synthesis which was fulfilled through content analysis and metasynthesis. The researcher reached data saturation level with 43 studies of all the researches on the topic as a statistical population. By extracting the results in terms of semantic units and coding of competencies, 74 codes were generated in the first step and organized in 13 categories through the meta-synthesis method and finally three themes of competencies were obtained. Themes of competencies and categories are1- Theme of prerequisite competencies with five components: general competencies, communication skills, interest in teaching profession, professional development, teacher character. Lessons for teaching, learners 'knowledge and general competence. 3- The theme of performance and evaluation competencies was classified with seven components: student activation, classroom management, learners' knowledge, organization of teaching and learning processes, communication skills and teaching skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • the professional competencies of a teacher
  • teacher subject knowledge
  • Pedagogy
  • Pedagogical Content Konwledge(PCK)
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